publication . Article . 2005

task complexity and older adults decision making competence

Melissa L. Finucane; C. K. Mertz; Paul Slovic; Elizabeth Scholze Schmidt;
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  • Published: 15 Mar 2005 Journal: Psychology and Aging, volume 20, pages 71-84 (issn: 0882-7974, eissn: 1939-1498, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
Abstract
This article reports progress in an ongoing research program examining older adults' decision-making competence (DMC). Using a theoretical framework that emphasizes the person-task fit in assessing DMC, the authors report the results of a study comparing older versus younger adults' decision performance on simple and complex tasks about health, finance, and nutrition. The authors hypothesized and found that increasing age and task complexity were related to greater comprehension errors and inconsistency in decision making. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that a large amount of age-related variance in performance on the decision tasks could be accounted f...
Subjects
free text keywords: Ageing, Geriatrics and Gerontology, Social Psychology, Younger adults, Developmental psychology, Comprehension, Multilevel model, Cognition, Research program, Decision process, Cognitive skill, Young adult, Psychology
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