publication . Article . 2015

A 300-year surge history of the Drangajökull ice cap, northwest Iceland, and its maximum during the ‘Little Ice Age’

Olafur Ingolfsson; Anders Schomacker; Skafti Brynjólfsson;
Open Access
  • Published: 24 Mar 2015 Journal: The Holocene, volume 25, pages 1,076-1,092 (issn: 0959-6836, eissn: 1477-0911, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
Abstract
Over the last 300 years, each of the three surge-type outlet glaciers of the Drangajokull ice cap in northwest Iceland has surged 2–4 times. There is valuable historical information available on the surge frequencies since the ‘Little Ice Age’ (LIA) maximum because of the proximity of the surging outlets, Reykjarfjarðarjokull, Leirufjarðarjokull and Kaldalonsjokull, to farms and pastures and monitoring of these glaciers since 1931. We have reconstructed the surge history of the Drangajokull ice cap, based on geomorphological mapping, sedimentological studies and review of historical records. Geomorphological mapping of the glacier forefields reveals twice as man...
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