publication . Article . 2003

trait hostility the breadth and specificity of schema effects

Max Guyll; Stephanie Madon;
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  • Published: 30 Jan 2003 Journal: Personality and Individual Differences, volume 34, pages 681-693 (issn: 0191-8869, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
Abstract
This study examined the limits of information processing biases associated with trait hostility. Ninety-eight participants processed information to evaluate its descriptiveness of themselves, and of actual antagonists and friends whom they knew well. For both self- and other-referent information, dependent measures included evaluations, response latencies, and memory. Results were consistent with the interpretation that trait hostility is associated with cognitive schemata that produce negative biases in the processing of information about others in general, both antagonists and friends. Specifically, hostile individuals evaluated others more harshly, made favor...
Subjects
free text keywords: General Psychology, Developmental psychology, Cognition, Personality, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Information processing, Cognitive bias, Hostility, medicine.symptom, medicine, Schema (psychology), Trait, Social psychology, Social cognition, Psychology
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