publication . Article . 2003

Ultraviolet radiation, toxic chemicals and amphibian population declines

Andrew R. Blaustein; John M. Romansic; Joseph M. Kiesecker; Audrey C. Hatch;
Open Access
  • Published: 11 Mar 2003 Journal: Diversity <html_ent glyph="@amp;" ascii="&amp;"/> Distributions, volume 9, pages 123-140 (issn: 1366-9516, eissn: 1472-4642, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Wiley
Abstract
As part of an overall 'biodiversity crisis', many amphibian populations are in decline throughout the world. Numerous factors have contributed to these declines, including habitat destruction, pathogens, increasing ultraviolet (UV) radiation, introduced non-native species and contaminants. In this paper we review the contribution of increasing UV radiation and environmental contamination to the global decline of amphibian populations. Both UV radiation and environmental contaminants can affect amphibians at all life stages. Exposure to UV radiation and to certain contaminants can kill amphibians and induce sublethal affects in embryos, larvae and adults. Moreove...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: animal structuresfungi
free text keywords: Biology, Contamination, Ecology, Pollution, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Pesticide, Amphibian, biology.animal, Biodiversity, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Larva, Habitat destruction
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