publication . Article . 2012

Carbon Footprint Incorporation into Least-cost Planning of Eco-city Schemes: Practices in Coastal China

L. Wu; Q. Jiang; X.M. Yang;
Open Access
  • Published: 10 Mar 2012 Journal: Procedia Environmental Sciences, volume 13, pages 582-589 (issn: 1878-0296, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
Abstract Eco-city planning has been a prevailing concern throughout China and beyond over the past few decades. Least-cost planning is a life-cycle costing approach for alternative analysis and decision-making, determining the preferred option that provides the optimal mix of financial, social and environmental outcomes for stakeholders throughout the project lifespan. A more sustainable approach is to incorporate the low carbon context into this economic analysis. Case studies, Tianjin Eco-city and Ningbo-Cixi Wetland Centre, granted by GEF, are presented and reviewed on how to foster key coastal areas of China into eco-cities by means of carbon footprint and c...
Persistent Identifiers
free text keywords: Eco-city, Least-cost planning ;Carbon emissions, Carbon footprint, GEF, Low-carbon emission, China, Carbon footprint, Performance indicator, Activity-based costing, Environmental resource management, business.industry, business, Constructed wetland, Greenhouse gas, Wetland, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography
Related Organizations

[1]Vladimir Novotny, Vicky Elmer, Hiroaki Furumai, Steven Kenway, and Owen Phills , Water and energy framework and footprints for sustainable communities, Proceeding of IWA World Water Congress 2010, Montreal , Canada,2010.

[2] The World Bank,Eco2-economic advancement and eco-city, available at, 2009.

[3]Matthews HS, Hendrickson CT, Weber CL. The importance of carbon footprint eatimation boundaries. Environmental Science&Technology 2008, 42:5839-42.

[4]TTianjin Construction Administration Committee, Sino-SingaporeTianjin Eco-City green building evaluation standardDB/T29-192-2009 (In Chinese), Tianjin,2009.

[5]Li WH , Theory, method and application of valuation of ecological system services(In Chinese), Beijing:China Renming University Press,2008.

[6]Van der Veeren, R. J. H. M. & Tol, R. S. J.. Benefits of a reallocation of nitrate emission reductions in the Rhine RiverBasin. Environmental and Resource Economics 2001, 18: 19-41. [OpenAIRE]

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