publication . Article . 2015

Surprising trunk rotational capabilities in chimpanzees and implications for bipedal walking proficiency in early hominins

Nathan E. Thompson; Brigitte Demes; Matthew C O'Neill; Nicholas B. Holowka; Susan G. Larson;
Open Access
  • Published: 06 Oct 2015 Journal: Nature Communications, volume 6 (eissn: 2041-1723, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Abstract
Greater trunk flexibility in humans is thought to be a major adaptation to bipedal walking compared to chimpanzees. Here Thompson et al. show that chimpanzees are capable of human-like trunk rotations during bipedalism, suggesting bipedal proficiency was present in early hominins.
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Article, Anatomy, Gait, Trunk, Physical medicine and rehabilitation, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Hominidae, biology.organism_classification, biology, Upper body, Pelvic rotation, Torso, medicine.anatomical_structure
Related Organizations
Funded by
NSF| Collaborative Research: Integrated Modeling and Experimental Assessment of Chimpanzee and Hominin Locomotion
Project
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 0935321
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences | Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences
52 references, page 1 of 4

Murray M. P., Drought A. B. & Kory R. C. Walking patterns of normal men. J. Bone Joint Surg. Am. 46, 335–360 (1964).14129683 [PubMed]

Nottrodt J. W., Charteris J. & Wall J. C. The effects of speed on pelvic oscillations in the horizontal plane during level walking. J. Hum. Mov. Stud. 8, 27–40 (1982).

Wagenaar R. C. & Beek W. J. Hemiplegic gait: a kinematic analysis using walking speed as a basis. J. Biomech. 25, 1007–1015 (1992).1517261 [PubMed]

van Emmerik R. E. A. & Wagenaar R. C. Effects of walking velocity on relative phase dynamics in the trunk in human walking. J. Biomech. 29, 1175–1184 (1996).8872274 [PubMed]

Stokes V. P., Andersson C. & Forssberg H. Rotational and translational movement features of the pelvis and thorax during adult human locomotion. J. Biomech. 22, 43–50 (1989).2914971 [PubMed]

Crosbie J., Vachalathiti R. & Smith R. Patterns of spinal motion during walking. Gait Posture 5, 6–12 (1997).

Herr H. & Popovic M. Angular momentum in human walking. J. Exp. Bi ol. 211, 467–481 (2008).18245623 [PubMed]

Elftman H.The function of the arms in walking. Hum. Biol.11, 529–535 (1939).

Bruijn S. M., Meijer O. G., van Dieën J. H., Kingma I. & Lamoth C. J. C. Coordination of leg swing, thorax rotations, and pelvis rotations during gait: the organisation of total body angular momentum. Gait Posture 27, 455–462 (2008).17669652 [PubMed]

Ortega J. D., Fehlman L. A. & Farley C. T. Effects of aging and arm swing on the metabolic cost of stability in human walking. J. Biomech. 41, 3303–3308 (2008).18814873 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Umberger B. R.Effects of suppressing arm swing on kinematics, kinetics, and energetics of human walking. J. Biomech.41, 2575–2580 (2008).18621376 [PubMed]

Collins S. H., Adamczyk P. G. & Kuo A. D. Dynamic arm swinging in human walking. Proc. Biol. Sci. 276, 3679–3688 (2009).19640879 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Keith A.Hunterian lectures on man's posture: its evolution and disorders. Lecture II: the evolution of the orthograde spine. Br. Med. J.1, 499–502 (1923).20771062 [PubMed]

Schmid P. & Piaget A. Three-dimensional kinematics of bipedal locomotion. Z. Morphol. Anthropol. 80, 79–87 (1994).

Bramble D. M. & Lieberman D. E. Endurance running and the evolution of Homo. Nature 432, 345–352 (2004).15549097 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

52 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
Greater trunk flexibility in humans is thought to be a major adaptation to bipedal walking compared to chimpanzees. Here Thompson et al. show that chimpanzees are capable of human-like trunk rotations during bipedalism, suggesting bipedal proficiency was present in early hominins.
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Article, Anatomy, Gait, Trunk, Physical medicine and rehabilitation, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Hominidae, biology.organism_classification, biology, Upper body, Pelvic rotation, Torso, medicine.anatomical_structure
Related Organizations
Funded by
NSF| Collaborative Research: Integrated Modeling and Experimental Assessment of Chimpanzee and Hominin Locomotion
Project
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 0935321
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences | Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences
52 references, page 1 of 4

Murray M. P., Drought A. B. & Kory R. C. Walking patterns of normal men. J. Bone Joint Surg. Am. 46, 335–360 (1964).14129683 [PubMed]

Nottrodt J. W., Charteris J. & Wall J. C. The effects of speed on pelvic oscillations in the horizontal plane during level walking. J. Hum. Mov. Stud. 8, 27–40 (1982).

Wagenaar R. C. & Beek W. J. Hemiplegic gait: a kinematic analysis using walking speed as a basis. J. Biomech. 25, 1007–1015 (1992).1517261 [PubMed]

van Emmerik R. E. A. & Wagenaar R. C. Effects of walking velocity on relative phase dynamics in the trunk in human walking. J. Biomech. 29, 1175–1184 (1996).8872274 [PubMed]

Stokes V. P., Andersson C. & Forssberg H. Rotational and translational movement features of the pelvis and thorax during adult human locomotion. J. Biomech. 22, 43–50 (1989).2914971 [PubMed]

Crosbie J., Vachalathiti R. & Smith R. Patterns of spinal motion during walking. Gait Posture 5, 6–12 (1997).

Herr H. & Popovic M. Angular momentum in human walking. J. Exp. Bi ol. 211, 467–481 (2008).18245623 [PubMed]

Elftman H.The function of the arms in walking. Hum. Biol.11, 529–535 (1939).

Bruijn S. M., Meijer O. G., van Dieën J. H., Kingma I. & Lamoth C. J. C. Coordination of leg swing, thorax rotations, and pelvis rotations during gait: the organisation of total body angular momentum. Gait Posture 27, 455–462 (2008).17669652 [PubMed]

Ortega J. D., Fehlman L. A. & Farley C. T. Effects of aging and arm swing on the metabolic cost of stability in human walking. J. Biomech. 41, 3303–3308 (2008).18814873 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Umberger B. R.Effects of suppressing arm swing on kinematics, kinetics, and energetics of human walking. J. Biomech.41, 2575–2580 (2008).18621376 [PubMed]

Collins S. H., Adamczyk P. G. & Kuo A. D. Dynamic arm swinging in human walking. Proc. Biol. Sci. 276, 3679–3688 (2009).19640879 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Keith A.Hunterian lectures on man's posture: its evolution and disorders. Lecture II: the evolution of the orthograde spine. Br. Med. J.1, 499–502 (1923).20771062 [PubMed]

Schmid P. & Piaget A. Three-dimensional kinematics of bipedal locomotion. Z. Morphol. Anthropol. 80, 79–87 (1994).

Bramble D. M. & Lieberman D. E. Endurance running and the evolution of Homo. Nature 432, 345–352 (2004).15549097 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

52 references, page 1 of 4
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