publication . Article . 2011

When the world's population took off: The springboard of the Neolithic Demographic Transition

Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel;
English
  • Published: 28 Jul 2011
  • Publisher: HAL CCSD
  • Country: France
Abstract
Science (Perspectives) 29 July 2011; International audience; During the economic transition from foraging to farming, the signal of a major demographic shift can be observed in cemetery data of world archaeological sequences. This signal is characterized by an abrupt increase in the proportion of juvenile skeletons and is interpreted as the signature of a major demographic shift in human history, known as the Neolithic Demographic Transition (NDT). This expresses an increase in the input into the age pyramids of the corresponding living populations with an estimated increase in the total fertility rate of two births per woman. The unprecedented demographic masse...
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Subjects
free text keywords: [SHS.ANTHRO-BIO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Biological anthropology, Multidisciplinary, Population pyramid, Birth rate, Geography, Foraging, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Demography, Population growth, Demographic window, Total fertility rate, Demographic transition
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