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rieger type periodicity during solar cycles 14 24 estimation of dynamo magnetic field strength in the solar interior

Authors: Teimuraz V. Zaqarashvili; Teimuraz V. Zaqarashvili; Teimuraz V. Zaqarashvili; Bidzina M. Shergelashvili; Bidzina M. Shergelashvili; Bidzina M. Shergelashvili; Arnold Hanslmeier; +8 Authors

rieger type periodicity during solar cycles 14 24 estimation of dynamo magnetic field strength in the solar interior

Abstract

ABSTRACT Solar activity undergoes a variation over timescales of several months known as Rieger-type periodicity, which usually occurs near maxima of sunspot cycles. An early analysis showed that the periodicity appears only in some cycles and is absent in other cycles. But the appearance/absence during different cycles has not been explained. We performed a wavelet analysis of sunspot data from the Greenwich Royal Observatory and the Royal Observatory of Belgium during cycles 14–24. We found that the Rieger-type periods occur in all cycles, but they are cycle dependent: shorter periods occur during stronger cycles. Our analysis revealed a periodicity of 185–195 days during the weak cycles 14–15 and 24 and a periodicity of 155–165 days during the stronger cycles 16–23. We derived the dispersion relation of the spherical harmonics of the magnetic Rossby waves in the presence of differential rotation and a toroidal magnetic field in the dynamo layer near the base of the convection zone. This showed that the harmonics of fast Rossby waves with m = 1 and n = 4, where m (n) indicates the toroidal (poloidal) wavenumbers, perfectly fit with the observed periodicity. The variation of the toroidal field strength from weaker to stronger cycles may lead to the different periods found in those cycles, which explains the observed enigmatic feature of the Rieger-type periodicity. Finally, we used the observed periodicity to estimate the dynamo field strength during cycles 14–24. Our estimations suggest a field strength of ∼40 kG for the stronger cycles and ∼20 kG for the weaker cycles.

Countries
Belgium, Austria
Keywords

oscillations [Sun], interior [Sun], activity [sun], FOS: Physical sciences, Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics, Sun: activity, interior [sun], Sun: interior, activity [Sun], oscillations [sun], Sun: oscillations, Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
40
Top 10%
Top 10%
Top 10%
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