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Nature Cell Biology
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Nature Cell Biology
Article . 2014 . Peer-reviewed
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Autoregulatory mechanism for dynactin control of processive and diffusive dynein transport

Authors: Tripathy, Suvranta K.; Weil, Sarah J.; Chen, Chen; Anand, Preetha; Vallee, Richard B.; Gross, Steven P.;

Autoregulatory mechanism for dynactin control of processive and diffusive dynein transport

Abstract

Dynactin is the longest known cytoplasmic dynein regulator, with roles in dynein recruitment to subcellular cargo and in stimulating processive dynein movement. The latter function was thought to involve the N-terminal microtubule-binding region of the major dynactin polypeptide p150(Glued), although recent results disputed this. To understand how dynactin regulates dynein we generated recombinant fragments of the N-terminal half of p150(Glued). We find that the dynein-binding coiled-coil α-helical domain CC1B is sufficient to stimulate dynein processivity, which it accomplishes by increasing average dynein step size and forward-step frequency, while decreasing lateral stepping and microtubule detachment. In contrast, the immediate upstream coiled-coil domain, CC1A, activates a surprising diffusive dynein state. CC1A interacts physically with CC1B and interferes with its effect on dynein processivity. We also identify a role for the N-terminal portion of p150(Glued) in coordinating these activities. Our results reveal an unexpected form of long-range allosteric control of dynein motor function by internal p150(Glued) sequences, and evidence for p150(Glued) autoregulation.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Microtubule-associated protein Dynein Plasma protein binding Biology Motor protein Microtubule Processivity Transport protein Cell biology Dynactin

Keywords

Spodoptera, Microtubules, Article, Sf9 Cells, Animals, Amino Acid Sequence, Binding Sites, Dyneins, Dynactin Complex, Cell Biology, Peptide Fragments, Recombinant Proteins, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Rats, Protein Transport, Microtubule-Associated Proteins, Protein Binding

57 references, page 1 of 6

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
62
Top 10%
Top 10%
Top 10%
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