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Can Artificial Intelligence be biased? On the critique of AI's 'algorithmic bias' in the arts

Authors: Arns, Inke;

Can Artificial Intelligence be biased? On the critique of AI's 'algorithmic bias' in the arts

Abstract

This working paper is dedicated to artistic positions that critically deal with ‘artificial intelli- gence’ and automated pattern recognition through algorithms. Using a series of examples, it shows the social struggles that results from the distortions of bias and how artists react to it. Building on analyses by Harun Farocki and Hito Steyerl, projects by Adam Harvey and Jules LaPlace, Zach Blas and Jemima Wyman, Elisa Giardina Papa, Francis Hunger and Flupke, Erika Scourti, Mimi Onuoha, Nora Al-Badri, and Jan Nikolai Nelles are presented.

Keywords

AI, bias, art, media art, Ai critique

28 references, page 1 of 3

Al-Badri, Nora, and Jan Nikolai Nelles. 2018. “NefertitiBot, 2018, Chatbot Installation.” Website. nora-al-badri.de.

Arns, Inke. 2021. “Kann Künstliche Intelligenz Vorurteile Haben?” Kunstforum 278 (November): 108-21.

Arns, Inke, and Marie Lechner, eds. 2021. Computer Grrrls. Dortmund: Verlag Kettler, HMKV Hartware MedienKunstVerein.

Beuth, Patrick. 2017. “Künstliche Intelligenz: Die Automaten brauchen Aufsicht.” Die Zeit, October 25.

https://www.zeit.de/digital/internet/2017-10/kuenstliche-intelligenz-deepmind-back-box-regulierung.

Broeckmann, Andreas. 2016. Machine Art in the Twentieth Century. Leonardo Book Series. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [OpenAIRE]

Broussard, Meredith. 2018. Artificial Unintelligence - How Computers Misunderstand the World. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Bündnis „Gesichtserkennung stoppen“. 2020. “Bündnis Fordert Verbot Automatisierter Gesichtserkennung.” Website. Digitalcourage. September 1. https://digitalcourage.de/blog/2020/buendnis-fordert-verbot-vongesichtserkennung.

Crawford, Kate, and Trevor Paglen. 2019. “Excavating AI - The Politics of Images in Machine Learning Training Sets.” Website. Excavating AI. September 19. https://www.excavating.ai.

Farocki, Harun. 2005. “Der Krieg Findet Immer Einen Ausweg.” In: Essay - Cinema 50, edited by Natalie Böhler, Laura Daniel, Flavia Giorgetta, Veronika Grob, Andreas Maurer, and Jan Sahli, 21-33. Marburg: Schüren Verlag.

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
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influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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