publication . Article . 2014

Empathy versus Parsimony in Understanding Post-Conflict Affiliation in Monkeys: Model and Empirical Data.

Ivan Puga-Gonzalez; Marina Butovskaya; Bernard Thierry; Charlotte K. Hemelrijk;
Open Access English
  • Published: 17 Mar 2014
  • Publisher: HAL CCSD
  • Country: France
Abstract
International audience; Post-conflict affiliation between former opponents and bystanders occurs in several species of non-human primates. It is classified in four categories of which affiliation received by the former victim, 'consolation', has received most attention. The hypotheses of cognitive constraint and social constraint are inadequate to explain its occurrence. The cognitive constraint hypothesis is contradicted by recent evidence of 'consolation' in monkeys and the social constraint hypothesis lacks information why 'consolation' actually happens. Here, we combine a computational model and an empirical study to investigate the minimum cognitive require...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: [SDE]Environmental Sciences, [SDV]Life Sciences [q-bio], Research Article, Biology and life sciences, Computational Biology, Neuroscience, Cognitive Science, Cognitive Psychology, Organisms, Animals, Vertebrates, Mammals, Primates, Monkeys, Old World monkeys, Macaque, Psychology, Behavior, Emotions, Theoretical Biology, Zoology, Animal Behavior, Research and Analysis Methods, Model Organisms, Animal Models, Computer and Information Sciences, Computer Modeling, Computerized Simulations, Social Sciences, Sociology, Computational Sociology, Social Systems, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, POSTCONFLICT 3RD-PARTY AFFILIATION, MACAQUE MACACA-MULATTA, TONKEAN MACAQUES, CAPTIVE CHIMPANZEES, BARBARY MACAQUES, PAPIO-HAMADRYAS, PAN-TROGLODYTES, RECONCILIATION, RHESUS, CONSOLATION, lcsh:Medicine, lcsh:R, lcsh:Science, lcsh:Q, Hierarchy, Aggression, medicine.symptom, medicine, Consolation, Cognition, Empirical research, Animal cognition, Social facilitation, Social psychology, Biology, Empathy, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common
57 references, page 1 of 4

1. Puga-Gonzalez I, Hildenbrandt H, Hemelrijk CK (2009) Emergent patterns of social affiliation in primates, a model. Plos Computational Biology 5: e1000630. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000630.

2. Das M (2000) Conflict management via third parties. post-conflict affiliation of the aggressor. In: Aureli F, de Waal FBM, editors. Natural conflict resolution. Berkeley: University of California Press.

3. Koski SE, Sterck EHM (2007) Triadic postconflict affiliation in captive chimpanzees: Does consolation console? Anim Behav 73: 133-142.

4. Koski SE, Sterck EHM (2009) Post-conflict third-party affiliation in chimpanzees: What's in it for the third party? Am J Primatol 71: 409-418. [OpenAIRE]

5. Romero T, Colmenares F, Aureli F (2009) Testing the function of reconciliation and third-party affiliation for aggressors in hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas hamadryas). Am J Primatol 71: 60-69.

6. Romero T, Castellanos MA, de Waal FBM (2011) Post-conflict affiliation by chimpanzees with aggressors: Other-oriented versus selfish political strategy. PLoS ONE 6: e22173.

7. Fraser ON, Aureli F (2008) Reconciliation, consolation and postconflict behavioral specificity in chimpanzees. Am J Primatol 70: 1-10.

8. Palagi E, Cordoni G, Borgognini Tarli S (2006) Possible roles of consolation in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Phys Anthropol 129: 105-111.

9. de Waal FBM, Aureli F (1996) Consolation, reconciliation, and a possible cognitive difference between macaques and chimpanzees. In: Russon AE, Bard KA, Parker ST, editors. Reaching into Thought: The Mind of the Great Apes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 80-110.

10. Preston SD, de Waal FBM (2002) Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases. Behav Brain Sci 25: 1-72.

11. Cools AKA, van Hout JM, Nelissen MHJ (2007) Canine reconciliation and third-party-initiated postconflict affiliation: Do peacemaking social mechanisms in dogs rival those of higher primates? Ethology 114: 53-63.

12. Palagi E, Cordoni G (2009) Postconflict third-party affiliation in Canis lupus: Do wolves share similarities with the great apes? Anim Behav 78: 979-986. [OpenAIRE]

13. Cozzi A, Sighieri C, Gazzano A, Nicol CJ, Baragli P (2010) Post-conflict friendly reunion in a permanent group of horses (Equus caballus). Behav Processes 85: 185-190.

14. Seed AM, Clayton NS, Emery NJ (2007) Postconflict third-party affiliation in rooks, Corvus frugilegus. Curr Biol 17: 152-158.

15. Call J, Aureli F, De Waal FBM (2002) Postconflict third-party affiliation in stumptailed macaques. Anim Behav 63: 209-216. [OpenAIRE]

57 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
International audience; Post-conflict affiliation between former opponents and bystanders occurs in several species of non-human primates. It is classified in four categories of which affiliation received by the former victim, 'consolation', has received most attention. The hypotheses of cognitive constraint and social constraint are inadequate to explain its occurrence. The cognitive constraint hypothesis is contradicted by recent evidence of 'consolation' in monkeys and the social constraint hypothesis lacks information why 'consolation' actually happens. Here, we combine a computational model and an empirical study to investigate the minimum cognitive require...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: [SDE]Environmental Sciences, [SDV]Life Sciences [q-bio], Research Article, Biology and life sciences, Computational Biology, Neuroscience, Cognitive Science, Cognitive Psychology, Organisms, Animals, Vertebrates, Mammals, Primates, Monkeys, Old World monkeys, Macaque, Psychology, Behavior, Emotions, Theoretical Biology, Zoology, Animal Behavior, Research and Analysis Methods, Model Organisms, Animal Models, Computer and Information Sciences, Computer Modeling, Computerized Simulations, Social Sciences, Sociology, Computational Sociology, Social Systems, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, POSTCONFLICT 3RD-PARTY AFFILIATION, MACAQUE MACACA-MULATTA, TONKEAN MACAQUES, CAPTIVE CHIMPANZEES, BARBARY MACAQUES, PAPIO-HAMADRYAS, PAN-TROGLODYTES, RECONCILIATION, RHESUS, CONSOLATION, lcsh:Medicine, lcsh:R, lcsh:Science, lcsh:Q, Hierarchy, Aggression, medicine.symptom, medicine, Consolation, Cognition, Empirical research, Animal cognition, Social facilitation, Social psychology, Biology, Empathy, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common
57 references, page 1 of 4

1. Puga-Gonzalez I, Hildenbrandt H, Hemelrijk CK (2009) Emergent patterns of social affiliation in primates, a model. Plos Computational Biology 5: e1000630. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000630.

2. Das M (2000) Conflict management via third parties. post-conflict affiliation of the aggressor. In: Aureli F, de Waal FBM, editors. Natural conflict resolution. Berkeley: University of California Press.

3. Koski SE, Sterck EHM (2007) Triadic postconflict affiliation in captive chimpanzees: Does consolation console? Anim Behav 73: 133-142.

4. Koski SE, Sterck EHM (2009) Post-conflict third-party affiliation in chimpanzees: What's in it for the third party? Am J Primatol 71: 409-418. [OpenAIRE]

5. Romero T, Colmenares F, Aureli F (2009) Testing the function of reconciliation and third-party affiliation for aggressors in hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas hamadryas). Am J Primatol 71: 60-69.

6. Romero T, Castellanos MA, de Waal FBM (2011) Post-conflict affiliation by chimpanzees with aggressors: Other-oriented versus selfish political strategy. PLoS ONE 6: e22173.

7. Fraser ON, Aureli F (2008) Reconciliation, consolation and postconflict behavioral specificity in chimpanzees. Am J Primatol 70: 1-10.

8. Palagi E, Cordoni G, Borgognini Tarli S (2006) Possible roles of consolation in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Phys Anthropol 129: 105-111.

9. de Waal FBM, Aureli F (1996) Consolation, reconciliation, and a possible cognitive difference between macaques and chimpanzees. In: Russon AE, Bard KA, Parker ST, editors. Reaching into Thought: The Mind of the Great Apes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 80-110.

10. Preston SD, de Waal FBM (2002) Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases. Behav Brain Sci 25: 1-72.

11. Cools AKA, van Hout JM, Nelissen MHJ (2007) Canine reconciliation and third-party-initiated postconflict affiliation: Do peacemaking social mechanisms in dogs rival those of higher primates? Ethology 114: 53-63.

12. Palagi E, Cordoni G (2009) Postconflict third-party affiliation in Canis lupus: Do wolves share similarities with the great apes? Anim Behav 78: 979-986. [OpenAIRE]

13. Cozzi A, Sighieri C, Gazzano A, Nicol CJ, Baragli P (2010) Post-conflict friendly reunion in a permanent group of horses (Equus caballus). Behav Processes 85: 185-190.

14. Seed AM, Clayton NS, Emery NJ (2007) Postconflict third-party affiliation in rooks, Corvus frugilegus. Curr Biol 17: 152-158.

15. Call J, Aureli F, De Waal FBM (2002) Postconflict third-party affiliation in stumptailed macaques. Anim Behav 63: 209-216. [OpenAIRE]

57 references, page 1 of 4
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