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Publication . Article . 2002

Residential care in Italy. National survey of non-hospital facilities.

National survey of non-hospital facilities
G. de Girolamo; Angelo Picardi; R. Micciolo; Ian R. H. Falloon; Angelo Fioritti; Pierluigi Morosini;
Open Access
Published: 01 Sep 2002 Journal: The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, volume 181 (issn: 0007-1250, Copyright policy )

BackgroundIn Italy, where all mental hospitals have been gradually phased out since 1978, psychiatric patients requiring long-term care are being treated in non-hospital residential facilities (NHRFs). However, detailed data on these facilities are sparse.AimsThe Progetto Residenze (PROGRES) residential care project is a three-phase study, the first phase of which aims to survey the main characteristics of all Italian NHRFs.MethodStructured interviews were conducted with the manager of each NHRF.ResultsOn 31 May 2000 there were 1370 NHRFs with 17138 beds; an average of 12.5 beds each and a rate of 2.98 beds per 10 000 inhabitants. Residential provision varied ten-fold between regions and discharge rates were very low. Most had 24-hour staffing with 1.42 patients per full-time worker.ConclusionsThere is marked variability in the provision of residential places between different regions; discharge rates are generally low.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Mental health Public health medicine.medical_specialty medicine Detailed data Staffing Structured interview Therapeutic community Health policy Environmental health Residential care business.industry business Gerontology


Adult, Female, Health Care Surveys, Humans, Italy, Male, Mental Disorders, Mental Health Services, Middle Aged, Patient Discharge, Personnel Staffing and Scheduling, Residential Facilities, Socioeconomic Factors, Psychiatry and Mental health