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Culture & Society Journal Of Anthropological Research
Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
Data sources: Crossref
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Makna Tari Gandai Bagi Masyarakat Desa Tunggang

Authors: Yulianti Mayangsari Putri Utami; Erda Fitriani;

Makna Tari Gandai Bagi Masyarakat Desa Tunggang

Abstract

Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan makna simbol tari gandai bagi masyarakat Desa Tunggang, Kecamatan Pondok Suguh, Kabupaten Mukomuko. Penelitian ini menjadi menarik karena tari gandai masih dilaksanakan oleh masyarakat desa ini ditengah maraknya masuk musik atau tari yang bernuasa modern terutama yang dilaksanakan pada upacara perkawinan. Selain daripada itu penelitian ini berbeda dari penelitian sebelumnya yang sudah ada, karena berupaya menggali secara holistik makna tari gandai makna tarian gandai bagi masyarakat. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian etnografi. Teknik pemilihan informan dengan menggunakan teknik snowball sampling, dengan jumlah informan sebanyak 20 orang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara observasi, wawancara mendalam, studi dokumen, dan teknik Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu model analisis etnografi yang diperkenalkan oleh Clifford Geertz.Teori Interpretivisme Simbolik ini memusatkan pada kebudayaan didasarkan penafsiran dan melalui penafsiran tersebut manusia mengontrol sikap dan perilakunya, menjalankan suatu kebiasaan dan keyakinan yang didapat oleh individu dan masyarakat sebagai warisan yang diperoleh dan harus dijalankan. Berdasarkan pada hasil penelitian, diperoleh kesimpulan, terdapat makna simbol dari tari gandai yang bermakna nilai moral dan kebersamaan, simbol dari berbalas pantun yang mengandung makna kehidupan percintaan mempelai, sindiran kepada penonton, sindirian kepada keluarga jauh yang sudah lama tidak pulang, kemudian simbol gerakan yang memiliki makna kehidupan sehari-hari, mulai dari gerakan hewan, cara bercocok tanam dan juga bermakna kegigihan masyarakat dalam kehidupan dan musik sebagai komponen pelengkap yang harus ada dalam gandai dan sebagai pengantar makna dari tarian gandai dengan menyesuaikan tema dari tari gandai.

Endraswara, S. (2012). Metodologi Penelitian Kebudayaan. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.

Geertz, C. (2016). Tafsir Kebudayaan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Moleong, J. L. (2012). Metodelogi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Nurdiani, N. (2014). Teknik Sampling Snowball dalam Penelitian Lapangan. ComTech: Computer, Mathematics and Engineering Applications, 5(9), 1110-1118. [OpenAIRE]

Refisrul, R. (2018). Eksistensi Tari Gandai Pada Masyarakat Mukomuko. Jurnal Penelitian Sejarah Dan Budaya, 4(1), 953-970.

Saiffudin, A. F. (2006). Antropologi Kontemporer. Jakarta: Kencana.

Silvia, D. (2017). Tari Gajah Menunggang. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Spradley, J. (1997). Metode Etnografi. Yogyakarta: PT. Tiara Wacana.

Yolanda, B. A., Amri, E., & Fitriani, E. (2020). Makna Upacara Kematian Malapeh-Lapeh Bagi Masyarakat Nagari Taluak Pesisir Selatan. Culture & Society Journal Of Antropological Research, 1(3), 193-207.

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
gold