publication . Article . 2012

Obesity and endocrine dysfunction programmed by maternal smoking in pregnancy and lactation.

Patricia Lisboa; Egberto Moura;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Nov 2012 Journal: Frontiers in Physiology (issn: 1664-042X, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Abstract
Obesity is a global epidemic, and maternal smoking has been shown to be associated with the development of childhood obesity. Overall, approximately 40% of children worldwide are exposed to tobacco smoke at home. It is well known that environmental changes within a critical window of development, such as gestation or lactation, can initiate permanent alterations in metabolism that lead to diseases in adulthood, a phenomenon called programming. It is known that programming is based on epigenetic alterations (changes in DNA methylation, histone acetylation or small interfering RNA expression) that change the expression pattern of several genes. However, little is ...
Subjects
free text keywords: Hormones, Lactation, Nicotine, Obesity, Tobacco, programming, Physiology, QP1-981, Review Article, gestation, Physiology (medical)
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