publication . Article . Review . 2012

Aphids: A Model for Polyphenism and Epigenetics

Dayalan G. Srinivasan; Jennifer A. Brisson;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Mar 2012 Journal: Genetics Research International, volume 2,012, pages 1-12 (issn: 2090-3154, eissn: 2090-3162, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Abstract
<jats:p>Environmental conditions can alter the form, function, and behavior of organisms over short and long timescales, and even over generations. Aphid females respond to specific environmental cues by transmitting signals that have the effect of altering the development of their offspring. These epigenetic phenomena have positioned aphids as a model for the study of phenotypic plasticity. The molecular basis for this epigenetic inheritance in aphids and how this type of inheritance system could have evolved are still unanswered questions. With the availability of the pea aphid genome sequence, new genomics technologies, and ongoing genomics projects in aphids...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: food and beveragesbiochemical phenomena, metabolism, and nutrition
free text keywords: Polyphenism, Evolutionary biology, DNA methylation, Genomics, Biotechnology, business.industry, business, Biology, Chromatin, Gene, Epigenetics, Phenotypic plasticity, Aphid, biology.organism_classification, Review Article, Article Subject, Genetics, QH426-470
154 references, page 1 of 11

DeWitt, TJ, Scheiner, SM, Ebrary Inc., null. Phenotypic Plasticity Functional and Conceptual Approaches . 2004

Gilbert, SF. Mechanisms for the environmental regulation of gene expression. Birth Defects Research. Part C . 2004; 72 (4): 291-299 [PubMed]

West-Eberhard, MJ. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution . 2003

Pigliucci, M. Genotype-phenotype mapping and the end of the “genes as blueprint” metaphor. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B . 2010; 365 (1540): 557-566 [OpenAIRE]

Waddington, CH. The epigenotype. Endeavour . 1942; 1: 18-20

Jamniczky, HA, Boughner, JC, Rolian, C. Rediscovering Waddington in the post-genomic age: operationalising Waddington’s epigenetics reveals new ways to investigate the generation and modulation of phenotypic variation. BioEssays . 2010; 32 (7): 553-558 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Waddington, CH. The Strategy of the Genes; A Discussion of Some Aspects of Theoretical Biology . 1957

Carroll, SB, Grenier, JK, Weatherbee, SD. From DNA to Diversity : Molecular Genetics and the Evolution of Animal Design . 2001

Probst, AV, Dunleavy, E, Almouzni, G. Epigenetic inheritance during the cell cycle. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology . 2009; 10 (3): 192-206 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Blomen, VA, Boonstra, J. Stable transmission of reversible modifications: maintenance of epigenetic information through the cell cycle. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences . 2010; 68: 27-44 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Bollati, V, Baccarelli, A. Environmental epigenetics. Heredity . 2010; 105 (1): 105-112 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Lushai, G, Loxdale, HD, Brookes, CP, Von Mende, N, Harrington, R, Hardie, J. Genotypic variation among different phenotypes within aphid clones. Proceedings of the Royal Society B . 1997; 264 (1382): 725-730 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Miura, T, Braendle, C, Shingleton, A, Sisk, G, Kambhampati, S, Stern, DL. A Comparison of parthenogenetic and sexual embryogenesis of the pea Aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum (Hemiptera: Aphidoidea). Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B . 2003; 295 (1): 59-81 [OpenAIRE]

Shingleton, AW, Sisk, GC, Stern, DL. Diapause in the pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) is a slowing but not a cessation of development. BMC Developmental Biology . 2003; 3: p. 7 [OpenAIRE]

Gluckman, PD, Hanson, MA, Bateson, P. Towards a new developmental synthesis: adaptive developmental plasticity and human disease. The Lancet . 2009; 373 (9675): 1654-1657

154 references, page 1 of 11
Abstract
<jats:p>Environmental conditions can alter the form, function, and behavior of organisms over short and long timescales, and even over generations. Aphid females respond to specific environmental cues by transmitting signals that have the effect of altering the development of their offspring. These epigenetic phenomena have positioned aphids as a model for the study of phenotypic plasticity. The molecular basis for this epigenetic inheritance in aphids and how this type of inheritance system could have evolved are still unanswered questions. With the availability of the pea aphid genome sequence, new genomics technologies, and ongoing genomics projects in aphids...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: food and beveragesbiochemical phenomena, metabolism, and nutrition
free text keywords: Polyphenism, Evolutionary biology, DNA methylation, Genomics, Biotechnology, business.industry, business, Biology, Chromatin, Gene, Epigenetics, Phenotypic plasticity, Aphid, biology.organism_classification, Review Article, Article Subject, Genetics, QH426-470
154 references, page 1 of 11

DeWitt, TJ, Scheiner, SM, Ebrary Inc., null. Phenotypic Plasticity Functional and Conceptual Approaches . 2004

Gilbert, SF. Mechanisms for the environmental regulation of gene expression. Birth Defects Research. Part C . 2004; 72 (4): 291-299 [PubMed]

West-Eberhard, MJ. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution . 2003

Pigliucci, M. Genotype-phenotype mapping and the end of the “genes as blueprint” metaphor. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B . 2010; 365 (1540): 557-566 [OpenAIRE]

Waddington, CH. The epigenotype. Endeavour . 1942; 1: 18-20

Jamniczky, HA, Boughner, JC, Rolian, C. Rediscovering Waddington in the post-genomic age: operationalising Waddington’s epigenetics reveals new ways to investigate the generation and modulation of phenotypic variation. BioEssays . 2010; 32 (7): 553-558 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Waddington, CH. The Strategy of the Genes; A Discussion of Some Aspects of Theoretical Biology . 1957

Carroll, SB, Grenier, JK, Weatherbee, SD. From DNA to Diversity : Molecular Genetics and the Evolution of Animal Design . 2001

Probst, AV, Dunleavy, E, Almouzni, G. Epigenetic inheritance during the cell cycle. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology . 2009; 10 (3): 192-206 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Blomen, VA, Boonstra, J. Stable transmission of reversible modifications: maintenance of epigenetic information through the cell cycle. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences . 2010; 68: 27-44 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Bollati, V, Baccarelli, A. Environmental epigenetics. Heredity . 2010; 105 (1): 105-112 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Lushai, G, Loxdale, HD, Brookes, CP, Von Mende, N, Harrington, R, Hardie, J. Genotypic variation among different phenotypes within aphid clones. Proceedings of the Royal Society B . 1997; 264 (1382): 725-730 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Miura, T, Braendle, C, Shingleton, A, Sisk, G, Kambhampati, S, Stern, DL. A Comparison of parthenogenetic and sexual embryogenesis of the pea Aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum (Hemiptera: Aphidoidea). Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B . 2003; 295 (1): 59-81 [OpenAIRE]

Shingleton, AW, Sisk, GC, Stern, DL. Diapause in the pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) is a slowing but not a cessation of development. BMC Developmental Biology . 2003; 3: p. 7 [OpenAIRE]

Gluckman, PD, Hanson, MA, Bateson, P. Towards a new developmental synthesis: adaptive developmental plasticity and human disease. The Lancet . 2009; 373 (9675): 1654-1657

154 references, page 1 of 11
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publication . Article . Review . 2012

Aphids: A Model for Polyphenism and Epigenetics

Dayalan G. Srinivasan; Jennifer A. Brisson;