publication . Article . 2017

Impacts of 120 years of fertilizer addition on a temperate grassland ecosystem.

Pete Manning; Elizabeth Stockdale;
Open Access
  • Published: 28 Mar 2017
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
  • Country: Germany
Abstract
The widespread application of fertilizers has greatly influenced many processes and properties of agroecosystems, and agricultural fertilization is expected to increase even further in the future. To date, most research on fertilizer impacts has used short-term studies, which may be unrepresentative of long-term responses, thus hindering our capacity to predict long-term impacts. Here, we examined the effects of long-term fertilizer addition on key ecosystem properties in a long-term grassland experiment (Palace Leas Hay Meadow) in which farmyard manure (FYM) and inorganic fertilizer treatments have been applied consistently for 120 years in order to characteriz...
Subjects
free text keywords: Herbs ; Grasslands ; Species diversity ; Legumes ; Ecosystems ; Grasses ; Plants ; Fertilizers, ddc:570, Research Article, Biology and Life Sciences, Agriculture, Agrochemicals, Fertilizers, Organisms, Plants, Grasses, Ecology, Plant Ecology, Plant Communities, Grasslands, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Plant Science, Terrestrial Environments, Herbs, Ecosystems, Ecological Metrics, Species Diversity, Legumes, Medicine, R, Science, Q
85 references, page 1 of 6

1 Galloway JN, Townsend AR, Erisman JW, Bekunda M, Cai ZC, Freney JR, et al Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: Recent trends, questions, and potential solutions. Science. 2008;320(5878):889–92. 10.1126/science.1136674 18487183 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

2 Alexandratos N, Bruinsma J. World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 revision. ESA Working paper No. 12–03. Rome: FAO, 2012.

3 Gough L, Osenberg CW, Gross KL, Collins SL. Fertilization effects on species density and primary productivity in herbaceous plant communities. Oikos. 2000;89(3):428–39. [OpenAIRE]

4 Lee M, Manning P, Rist J, Power SA, Marsh C. A global comparison of grassland biomass responses to CO2 and nitrogen enrichment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2010;365(1549):2047–56.

5 Knorr M, Frey SD, Curtis PS. Nitrogen additions and litter decomposition: A meta-analysis. Ecology. 2005;86(12):3252–7.

6 Elser JJ, Bracken MES, Cleland EE, Gruner DS, Harpole WS, Hillebrand H, et al Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecol Lett. 2007;10(12):1135–42. 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01113.x 17922835 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

7 LeBauer DS, Treseder KK. Nitrogen limitation of net primary productivity in terrestrial ecosystems is globally distributed. Ecology. 2008;89(2):371–9. 18409427 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

8 Chen D, Lan Z, Hu S, Bai Y. Effects of nitrogen enrichment on belowground communities in grassland: Relative role of soil nitrogen availability vs. soil acidification. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2015;89:99–108.

9 Mack MC, Schuur EAG, Bret-Harte MS, Shaver GR, Chapin FS. Ecosystem carbon storage in arctic tundra reduced by long-term nutrient fertilization. Nature. 2004;431(7007):440–3. 10.1038/nature02887 15386009 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

10 Neff JC, Townsend AR, Gleixner G, Lehman SJ, Turnbull J, Bowman WD. Variable effects of nitrogen additions on the stability and turnover of soil carbon. Nature. 2002;419(6910):915–7. 10.1038/nature01136 12410307 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

11 van Groenigen KJ, Six J, Hungate BA, de Graaff MA, van Breemen N, van Kessel C. Element interactions limit soil carbon storage. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2006;103(17):6571–4. 10.1073/pnas.0509038103 16614072 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

12 Suding KN, Collins SL, Gough L, Clark C, Cleland EE, Gross KL, et al Functional-and abundance-based mechanisms explain diversity loss due to N fertilization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2005;102(12):4387–92. 10.1073/pnas.0408648102 15755810 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

13 Tilman D. Secondary succession and the pattern of plant dominance along experimental nitrogen gradients. Ecological Monographs. 1987;57(3):189–214. [OpenAIRE]

14 Allan E, Manning P, Alt F, Binkenstein J, Blaser S, Blüthgen N, et al Land use intensification alters ecosystem multifunctionality via loss of biodiversity and changes to functional composition. Ecol Lett. 2015;18(8):834–43. 10.1111/ele.12469 26096863 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

15 Ramirez KS, Craine JM, Fierer N. Consistent effects of nitrogen amendments on soil microbial communities and processes across biomes. Glob Change Biol. 2012;18(6):1918–27.

85 references, page 1 of 6
Abstract
The widespread application of fertilizers has greatly influenced many processes and properties of agroecosystems, and agricultural fertilization is expected to increase even further in the future. To date, most research on fertilizer impacts has used short-term studies, which may be unrepresentative of long-term responses, thus hindering our capacity to predict long-term impacts. Here, we examined the effects of long-term fertilizer addition on key ecosystem properties in a long-term grassland experiment (Palace Leas Hay Meadow) in which farmyard manure (FYM) and inorganic fertilizer treatments have been applied consistently for 120 years in order to characteriz...
Subjects
free text keywords: Herbs ; Grasslands ; Species diversity ; Legumes ; Ecosystems ; Grasses ; Plants ; Fertilizers, ddc:570, Research Article, Biology and Life Sciences, Agriculture, Agrochemicals, Fertilizers, Organisms, Plants, Grasses, Ecology, Plant Ecology, Plant Communities, Grasslands, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Plant Science, Terrestrial Environments, Herbs, Ecosystems, Ecological Metrics, Species Diversity, Legumes, Medicine, R, Science, Q
85 references, page 1 of 6

1 Galloway JN, Townsend AR, Erisman JW, Bekunda M, Cai ZC, Freney JR, et al Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: Recent trends, questions, and potential solutions. Science. 2008;320(5878):889–92. 10.1126/science.1136674 18487183 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

2 Alexandratos N, Bruinsma J. World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 revision. ESA Working paper No. 12–03. Rome: FAO, 2012.

3 Gough L, Osenberg CW, Gross KL, Collins SL. Fertilization effects on species density and primary productivity in herbaceous plant communities. Oikos. 2000;89(3):428–39. [OpenAIRE]

4 Lee M, Manning P, Rist J, Power SA, Marsh C. A global comparison of grassland biomass responses to CO2 and nitrogen enrichment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2010;365(1549):2047–56.

5 Knorr M, Frey SD, Curtis PS. Nitrogen additions and litter decomposition: A meta-analysis. Ecology. 2005;86(12):3252–7.

6 Elser JJ, Bracken MES, Cleland EE, Gruner DS, Harpole WS, Hillebrand H, et al Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecol Lett. 2007;10(12):1135–42. 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01113.x 17922835 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

7 LeBauer DS, Treseder KK. Nitrogen limitation of net primary productivity in terrestrial ecosystems is globally distributed. Ecology. 2008;89(2):371–9. 18409427 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

8 Chen D, Lan Z, Hu S, Bai Y. Effects of nitrogen enrichment on belowground communities in grassland: Relative role of soil nitrogen availability vs. soil acidification. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2015;89:99–108.

9 Mack MC, Schuur EAG, Bret-Harte MS, Shaver GR, Chapin FS. Ecosystem carbon storage in arctic tundra reduced by long-term nutrient fertilization. Nature. 2004;431(7007):440–3. 10.1038/nature02887 15386009 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

10 Neff JC, Townsend AR, Gleixner G, Lehman SJ, Turnbull J, Bowman WD. Variable effects of nitrogen additions on the stability and turnover of soil carbon. Nature. 2002;419(6910):915–7. 10.1038/nature01136 12410307 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

11 van Groenigen KJ, Six J, Hungate BA, de Graaff MA, van Breemen N, van Kessel C. Element interactions limit soil carbon storage. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2006;103(17):6571–4. 10.1073/pnas.0509038103 16614072 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

12 Suding KN, Collins SL, Gough L, Clark C, Cleland EE, Gross KL, et al Functional-and abundance-based mechanisms explain diversity loss due to N fertilization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2005;102(12):4387–92. 10.1073/pnas.0408648102 15755810 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

13 Tilman D. Secondary succession and the pattern of plant dominance along experimental nitrogen gradients. Ecological Monographs. 1987;57(3):189–214. [OpenAIRE]

14 Allan E, Manning P, Alt F, Binkenstein J, Blaser S, Blüthgen N, et al Land use intensification alters ecosystem multifunctionality via loss of biodiversity and changes to functional composition. Ecol Lett. 2015;18(8):834–43. 10.1111/ele.12469 26096863 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

15 Ramirez KS, Craine JM, Fierer N. Consistent effects of nitrogen amendments on soil microbial communities and processes across biomes. Glob Change Biol. 2012;18(6):1918–27.

85 references, page 1 of 6
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