publication . Article . Other literature type . 2010

Bioethanol from lignocelluloses: Status and perspectives in Brazil.

Moraes, L. M. P.; Luiz Pereira Ramos; A.B.P. Medeiros; Elba Bon; Soccol C.R. OR Soccol C. OR Soccol Carlos Ricardo; Luciana Vandenberghe; Susan Grace Karp; Buckeridge M.S.;
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  • Published: 01 Jul 2010 Journal: Bioresource Technology, volume 101, pages 4,820-4,825 (issn: 0960-8524, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
Abstract
The National Alcohol Program – ProAlcool, created by the government of Brazil in 1975 resulted less dependency on fossil fuels. The addition of 25% ethanol to gasoline reduced the import of 550 million barrels oil and also reduced the emission CO2 by 110 million tons. Today, 44% of the Brazilian energy matrix is renewable and 13.5% is derived from sugarcane. Brazil has a land area of 851 million hectares, of which 54% are preserved, including the Amazon forest (350 million hectares). From the land available for agriculture (340 million hectares), only 0.9% is occupied by sugarcane as energy crop, showing a great expansion potential. Studies have shown that in th...
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