publication . Article . Other literature type . 2008

Neural stimulation and recording electrodes.

Stuart F. Cogan;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Aug 2008 Journal: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, volume 10, pages 275-309 (issn: 1523-9829, eissn: 1545-4274, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Annual Reviews
Abstract
Electrical stimulation of nerve tissue and recording of neural electrical activity are the basis of emerging prostheses and treatments for spinal cord injury, stroke, sensory deficits, and neurological disorders. An understanding of the electrochemical mechanisms underlying the behavior of neural stimulation and recording electrodes is important for the development of chronically implanted devices, particularly those employing large numbers of microelectrodes. For stimulation, materials that support charge injection by capacitive and faradaic mechanisms are available. These include titanium nitride, platinum, and iridium oxide, each with certain advantages and l...
Subjects
free text keywords: Capacitive sensing, Microelectrode, Electrode, Peripheral nerve interface, Materials science, Biomedical engineering, Stimulation, Sensory system, Electrochemical potential, Neural Prosthesis
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