publication . Article . Other literature type . 1996

Thermic effect of food and sympathetic nervous system activity in humans

Luc Tappy;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 1996 Journal: Reproduction Nutrition Development, volume 36, pages 391-397 (issn: 0926-5287, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: EDP Sciences
Abstract
The intake of nutrients is known to increase energy expenditure. Measured thermic effects of nutrient are 0-3% for fat, 5-10% for carbohydrates and 20-30% for proteins. Stimulation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis during intestinal absorption, initial metabolic steps and nutrient storage are responsible for this food thermic effect. The autonomic nervous system modulates the thermic effect of nutrients. Parasympathetic muscarinic antagonists reduce the thermic effect of orally administered nutrients, most likely by delaying gastric emptying and decreasing the amount of nutrient storage. Antagonists of the beta-adrenoreceptors decrease the thermic effec...
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Subjects
free text keywords: [ SDV.BDLR ] Life Sciences [q-bio]/Reproductive Biology, [ SDV.AEN ] Life Sciences [q-bio]/Food and Nutrition, [ SDV.BDD ] Life Sciences [q-bio]/Development Biology, Endocrinology, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Gastric emptying, Intestinal absorption, Biology, Autonomic nervous system, Stimulation, Weight loss, medicine.symptom, Thermogenesis, Internal medicine, Sympathetic nervous system, medicine.anatomical_structure, Specific dynamic action
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