publication . Article . Other literature type . 1998

BRAIN PLASTICITY AND BEHAVIOR

Ian Q. Whishaw; Bryan Kolb;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Feb 1998 Journal: Annual Review of Psychology, volume 49, pages 43-64 (issn: 0066-4308, eissn: 1545-2085, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Annual Reviews
Abstract
Brain plasticity refers to the brain's ability to change structure and function. Experience is a major stimulant of brain plasticity in animal species as diverse as insects and humans. It is now clear that experience produces multiple, dissociable changes in the brain including increases in dendritic length, increases (or decreases) in spine density, synapse formation, increased glial activity, and altered metabolic activity. These anatomical changes are correlated with behavioral differences between subjects with and without the changes. Experience-dependent changes in neurons are affected by various factors including aging, gonadal hormones, trophic factors, s...
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Medical Subject Headings: sense organsskin and connective tissue diseases
free text keywords: General Psychology, Dendrite, medicine.anatomical_structure, medicine, Synapse, Central nervous system, Neuroplasticity, Developmental plasticity, Cortex (botany), Plasticity, Neuroscience, Cerebral cortex, Psychology
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