publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015

Suboptimal Plasma Long Chain n-3 Concentrations are Common among Adults in the United States, NHANES 2003–2004

Murphy, Rachel A.; Yu, Elaine A.; Ciappio, Eric D.; Mehta, Saurabh; McBurney, Michael I.;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2015 Journal: Nutrients, volume 7, pages 10,282-10,289 (eissn: 2072-6643, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
Abstract
Population data on long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCn-3 PUFA) status from biomarkers of dietary intake is lacking. The objectives were to describe plasma LCn-3 PUFA concentrations and compare them to concentrations associated with cardiovascular health and dietary recommendations for two servings of seafood/week. Fasting plasma fatty acids were measured among 1386 subjects ≥20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003–2004. LCn-3 concentrations represent the sum of eicosapentaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid relative to total fatty acids (expressed as a percentage). Mean LCn-3 PUFA concentrati...
Subjects
free text keywords: Diabetes mellitus, medicine.disease, medicine, Physiology, Polyunsaturated fatty acid, chemistry.chemical_classification, chemistry, Food science, Eicosapentaenoic acid, Docosapentaenoic acid, chemistry.chemical_compound, Endocrinology, medicine.medical_specialty, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Body mass index, Internal medicine, Docosahexaenoic acid, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, business.industry, business, omega-3, polyunsaturated fatty acids, NHANES, adequacy, dietary intake, Nutrition. Foods and food supply, TX341-641, Article
21 references, page 1 of 2

for Americans, 2010, 7th ed.; USA Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, USA, 2010.

Diet and reinfarction trial (DART). Lancet 1989, 2, 757-761. [CrossRef]

Fish and omega-3 fatty acid intake and risk of coronary heart disease in women. JAMA 2002, 287, 1815-1821.

4. Siscovick, D.S.; Raghunathan, T.E.; King, I.; Weinmann, S.; Wicklund, K.G.; Albright, J.; Bovbjerg, V.; Arbogast, P.; Smith, H.; Kushi, L.H.; et al. Dietary intake and cell membrane levels of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risk of primary cardiac arrest. JAMA 1995, 274, 1363-1367. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

5. American Heart Association. Fish and Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Available online: http://www.heart.org /HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/HealthyEating/ Fish-and-Omega-3-Fatty-Acids_ UCM_ 303248_Article.jsp (accessed on 7 April 2015).

6. Papanikolaou, Y.; Brooks, J.; Reider, C.; Fulgoni, V.L., 3rd. U.S. Adults are not meeting recommended levels for fish and omega-3 fatty acid intake: Results of an analysis using observational data from NHANES 2003-2008. Nutr. J. 2014, 13, 31. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

7. Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee USDA; Department of Health and Human Services: Washington, DC, USA, 2015.

8. Hedrick, V.E.; Dietrich, A.M.; Estabrooks, P.A.; Savla, J.; Serrano, E.; Davy, B.M. Dietary biomarkers: Advances, limitations and future directions. Nutr. J. 2012, 11, 109. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

9. Sun, Q.; Ma, J.; Campos, H.; Hankinson, S.E.; Hu, F.B. Comparison between plasma and erythrocyte fatty acid content as biomarkers of fatty acid intake in US women. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2007, 86, 74-81. [PubMed]

10. Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 Research Group. Lutein + zeaxanthin and omega-3 fatty acids for age-related macular degeneration: The age-related eye disease study 2 (AREDS2) randomized clinical trial. JAMA 2013, 309, 2005-2015.

11. USA Centers for Disease Control and Prevetion. Second National Report on Biochemical Indicators of Diet and Nutrition in the U.S. Population 2012; National Center for Environmental Health: Atlanta, GA, USA, 2012. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/nutritionreport (accessed on 10 October 2014).

12. Crowe, F.L.; Appleby, P.N.; Travis, R.C.; Barnett, M.; Brasky, T.M.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H.B.; Chajes, V.; Chavarro, J.E.; Chirlaque, M.D.; English, D.R.; et al. Circulating fatty acids and prostate cancer risk: Individual participant meta-analysis of prospective studies. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 2014, 106. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

13. National Center for Health Statistics. About the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/about_nhanes.htm (accessed on 5 January 2015).

14. Lagerstedt, S.A.; Hinrichs, D.R.; Batt, S.M.; Magera, M.J.; Rinaldo, P.; McConnell, J.P. Quantitative determination of plasma c8-c26 total fatty acids for the biochemical diagnosis of nutritional and metabolic disorders. Mol. Genet. Metab. 2001, 73, 38-45. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [OpenAIRE]

15. Harris, T.B.; Song, X.; Reinders, I.; Lang, T.F.; Garcia, M.E.; Siggeirsdottir, K.; Sigurdsson, S.; Gudnason, V.; Eiriksdottir, G.; Sigurdsson, G.; et al. Plasma phospholipid fatty acids and fish-oil consumption in relation to osteoporotic fracture risk in older adults: The age, gene/environment susceptibility study. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2015, 101, 947-955. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

21 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
Population data on long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCn-3 PUFA) status from biomarkers of dietary intake is lacking. The objectives were to describe plasma LCn-3 PUFA concentrations and compare them to concentrations associated with cardiovascular health and dietary recommendations for two servings of seafood/week. Fasting plasma fatty acids were measured among 1386 subjects ≥20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003–2004. LCn-3 concentrations represent the sum of eicosapentaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid relative to total fatty acids (expressed as a percentage). Mean LCn-3 PUFA concentrati...
Subjects
free text keywords: Diabetes mellitus, medicine.disease, medicine, Physiology, Polyunsaturated fatty acid, chemistry.chemical_classification, chemistry, Food science, Eicosapentaenoic acid, Docosapentaenoic acid, chemistry.chemical_compound, Endocrinology, medicine.medical_specialty, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Body mass index, Internal medicine, Docosahexaenoic acid, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, business.industry, business, omega-3, polyunsaturated fatty acids, NHANES, adequacy, dietary intake, Nutrition. Foods and food supply, TX341-641, Article
21 references, page 1 of 2

for Americans, 2010, 7th ed.; USA Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, USA, 2010.

Diet and reinfarction trial (DART). Lancet 1989, 2, 757-761. [CrossRef]

Fish and omega-3 fatty acid intake and risk of coronary heart disease in women. JAMA 2002, 287, 1815-1821.

4. Siscovick, D.S.; Raghunathan, T.E.; King, I.; Weinmann, S.; Wicklund, K.G.; Albright, J.; Bovbjerg, V.; Arbogast, P.; Smith, H.; Kushi, L.H.; et al. Dietary intake and cell membrane levels of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risk of primary cardiac arrest. JAMA 1995, 274, 1363-1367. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

5. American Heart Association. Fish and Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Available online: http://www.heart.org /HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/HealthyEating/ Fish-and-Omega-3-Fatty-Acids_ UCM_ 303248_Article.jsp (accessed on 7 April 2015).

6. Papanikolaou, Y.; Brooks, J.; Reider, C.; Fulgoni, V.L., 3rd. U.S. Adults are not meeting recommended levels for fish and omega-3 fatty acid intake: Results of an analysis using observational data from NHANES 2003-2008. Nutr. J. 2014, 13, 31. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

7. Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee USDA; Department of Health and Human Services: Washington, DC, USA, 2015.

8. Hedrick, V.E.; Dietrich, A.M.; Estabrooks, P.A.; Savla, J.; Serrano, E.; Davy, B.M. Dietary biomarkers: Advances, limitations and future directions. Nutr. J. 2012, 11, 109. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

9. Sun, Q.; Ma, J.; Campos, H.; Hankinson, S.E.; Hu, F.B. Comparison between plasma and erythrocyte fatty acid content as biomarkers of fatty acid intake in US women. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2007, 86, 74-81. [PubMed]

10. Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 Research Group. Lutein + zeaxanthin and omega-3 fatty acids for age-related macular degeneration: The age-related eye disease study 2 (AREDS2) randomized clinical trial. JAMA 2013, 309, 2005-2015.

11. USA Centers for Disease Control and Prevetion. Second National Report on Biochemical Indicators of Diet and Nutrition in the U.S. Population 2012; National Center for Environmental Health: Atlanta, GA, USA, 2012. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/nutritionreport (accessed on 10 October 2014).

12. Crowe, F.L.; Appleby, P.N.; Travis, R.C.; Barnett, M.; Brasky, T.M.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H.B.; Chajes, V.; Chavarro, J.E.; Chirlaque, M.D.; English, D.R.; et al. Circulating fatty acids and prostate cancer risk: Individual participant meta-analysis of prospective studies. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 2014, 106. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

13. National Center for Health Statistics. About the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/about_nhanes.htm (accessed on 5 January 2015).

14. Lagerstedt, S.A.; Hinrichs, D.R.; Batt, S.M.; Magera, M.J.; Rinaldo, P.; McConnell, J.P. Quantitative determination of plasma c8-c26 total fatty acids for the biochemical diagnosis of nutritional and metabolic disorders. Mol. Genet. Metab. 2001, 73, 38-45. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [OpenAIRE]

15. Harris, T.B.; Song, X.; Reinders, I.; Lang, T.F.; Garcia, M.E.; Siggeirsdottir, K.; Sigurdsson, S.; Gudnason, V.; Eiriksdottir, G.; Sigurdsson, G.; et al. Plasma phospholipid fatty acids and fish-oil consumption in relation to osteoporotic fracture risk in older adults: The age, gene/environment susceptibility study. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2015, 101, 947-955. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

21 references, page 1 of 2
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publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015

Suboptimal Plasma Long Chain n-3 Concentrations are Common among Adults in the United States, NHANES 2003–2004

Murphy, Rachel A.; Yu, Elaine A.; Ciappio, Eric D.; Mehta, Saurabh; McBurney, Michael I.;