publication . Article . Preprint . 2015

Personality cannot be predicted from the power of resting state EEG

Andero Uusberg;
Open Access English
  • Published: 13 Feb 2015 Journal: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, volume 9 (eissn: 1662-5161, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Abstract
In the present study we asked whether it is possible to decode personality traits from resting state EEG data. EEG was recorded from a large sample of subjects (N = 309) who had answered questionnaires measuring personality trait scores of the 5 dimensions as well as the 10 subordinate aspects of the Big Five. Machine learning algorithms were used to build a classifier to predict each personality trait from power spectra of the resting state EEG data. The results indicate that the five dimensions as well as their subordinate aspects could not be predicted from the resting state EEG data. Finally, to demonstrate that this result is not due to systematic algorithm...
Subjects
free text keywords: Neuroscience, Original Research Article, personality, EEG, resting state, machine learning, prediction, Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition, Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, RC321-571
27 references, page 1 of 2

Coan J. A.Allen J. J. B. (2002). “The state and trait nature of frontal EEG asymmetry in emotion,” in The Asymmetrical Brain, eds Hugdahl K.Davidson R. J. (Cambridge: MIT Press), 565–615.

Coan J. A.Allen J. J. B.McKnight P. E. (2006). A capability model of individual differences in frontal EEG asymmetry. Biol. Psychol. 72 198–207 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2005.10.003 16316717 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Corr P. J. (2004). Reinforcement sensitivity theory and personality. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 28 317–332 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2004.01.005 15225974 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Cunningham W. A.Arbuckle N. L.Jahn A.Mowrer S. M.Abduljalil A. M. (2010). Aspects of neuroticism and the amygdala: chronic tuning from motivational styles. Neuropsychologia 48 3399–3404 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.06.026 20600183 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Davidson R. J. (2001). Toward a biology of personality and emotion. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 935 191–207 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2001.tb03481.x 11411166 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Deary I. J. (2009). “The trait approach to personality,” in The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology, eds Corr P. J.Matthews G. (Cambridge, NY: Cambridge University Press).

Debener S.Thorne J.Schneider T. R.Viola F. C. (2010). “Using ICA for the analysis of multi-channel EEG data,” in Simultaneous EEG and FMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application, eds Ullsperger M.Debener S. (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 121–134 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0008 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Delorme A.Makeig S. (2004). EEGLAB: an open source toolbox for analysis of single-trial EEG dynamics including independent component analysis. J. Neurosci. Methods 134 9–21 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2003.10.009 15102499 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

DeYoung C. G. (2013). The neuromodulator of exploration: a unifying theory of the role of dopamine in personality. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 7:762 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00762 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

DeYoung C. G.Gray J. R. (2009). “Personality neuroscience: explaining individual differences in affect, behaviour, and cognition,” in The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology, eds Corr P. J.Matthews G. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press), 323–346.

DeYoung C. G.Hirsh J. B.Shane M. S.Papademetris X.Rajeevan N.Gray J. R. (2010). Testing predictions from personality neuroscience: brain structure and the big five. Psychol. Sci. 21 820–828 10.1177/0956797610370159 20435951 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

DeYoung C. G.Quilty L. C.Peterson J. B. (2007). Between facets and domains: 10 aspects of the Big Five. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 93 880–896 10.1037/0022-3514.93.5.880 17983306 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Fleeson W.Noftle E. E. (2009). In favor of the synthetic resolution to the person–situation debate. J. Res. Personal. 43 150–154 10.1016/j.jrp.2009.02.008 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Judge T. A.Rodell J. B.Klinger R. L.Simon L. S.Crawford E. R. (2013). Hierarchical representations of the five-factor model of personality in predicting job performance: integrating three organizing frameworks with two theoretical perspectives. J. Appl. Psychol. 98 875–925 10.1037/a0033901 24016206 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Kennis M.Rademaker A. R.Geuze E. (2012). Neural correlates of personality: an integrative review. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 37 73–95 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2012.10.012 23142157 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

27 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
In the present study we asked whether it is possible to decode personality traits from resting state EEG data. EEG was recorded from a large sample of subjects (N = 309) who had answered questionnaires measuring personality trait scores of the 5 dimensions as well as the 10 subordinate aspects of the Big Five. Machine learning algorithms were used to build a classifier to predict each personality trait from power spectra of the resting state EEG data. The results indicate that the five dimensions as well as their subordinate aspects could not be predicted from the resting state EEG data. Finally, to demonstrate that this result is not due to systematic algorithm...
Subjects
free text keywords: Neuroscience, Original Research Article, personality, EEG, resting state, machine learning, prediction, Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition, Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, RC321-571
27 references, page 1 of 2

Coan J. A.Allen J. J. B. (2002). “The state and trait nature of frontal EEG asymmetry in emotion,” in The Asymmetrical Brain, eds Hugdahl K.Davidson R. J. (Cambridge: MIT Press), 565–615.

Coan J. A.Allen J. J. B.McKnight P. E. (2006). A capability model of individual differences in frontal EEG asymmetry. Biol. Psychol. 72 198–207 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2005.10.003 16316717 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Corr P. J. (2004). Reinforcement sensitivity theory and personality. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 28 317–332 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2004.01.005 15225974 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Cunningham W. A.Arbuckle N. L.Jahn A.Mowrer S. M.Abduljalil A. M. (2010). Aspects of neuroticism and the amygdala: chronic tuning from motivational styles. Neuropsychologia 48 3399–3404 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.06.026 20600183 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Davidson R. J. (2001). Toward a biology of personality and emotion. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 935 191–207 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2001.tb03481.x 11411166 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Deary I. J. (2009). “The trait approach to personality,” in The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology, eds Corr P. J.Matthews G. (Cambridge, NY: Cambridge University Press).

Debener S.Thorne J.Schneider T. R.Viola F. C. (2010). “Using ICA for the analysis of multi-channel EEG data,” in Simultaneous EEG and FMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application, eds Ullsperger M.Debener S. (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 121–134 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0008 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Delorme A.Makeig S. (2004). EEGLAB: an open source toolbox for analysis of single-trial EEG dynamics including independent component analysis. J. Neurosci. Methods 134 9–21 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2003.10.009 15102499 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

DeYoung C. G. (2013). The neuromodulator of exploration: a unifying theory of the role of dopamine in personality. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 7:762 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00762 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

DeYoung C. G.Gray J. R. (2009). “Personality neuroscience: explaining individual differences in affect, behaviour, and cognition,” in The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology, eds Corr P. J.Matthews G. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press), 323–346.

DeYoung C. G.Hirsh J. B.Shane M. S.Papademetris X.Rajeevan N.Gray J. R. (2010). Testing predictions from personality neuroscience: brain structure and the big five. Psychol. Sci. 21 820–828 10.1177/0956797610370159 20435951 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

DeYoung C. G.Quilty L. C.Peterson J. B. (2007). Between facets and domains: 10 aspects of the Big Five. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 93 880–896 10.1037/0022-3514.93.5.880 17983306 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Fleeson W.Noftle E. E. (2009). In favor of the synthetic resolution to the person–situation debate. J. Res. Personal. 43 150–154 10.1016/j.jrp.2009.02.008 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Judge T. A.Rodell J. B.Klinger R. L.Simon L. S.Crawford E. R. (2013). Hierarchical representations of the five-factor model of personality in predicting job performance: integrating three organizing frameworks with two theoretical perspectives. J. Appl. Psychol. 98 875–925 10.1037/a0033901 24016206 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Kennis M.Rademaker A. R.Geuze E. (2012). Neural correlates of personality: an integrative review. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 37 73–95 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2012.10.012 23142157 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

27 references, page 1 of 2
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