publication . Other literature type . Article . 2015

Losses of soil carbon by converting tropical forest to plantations: erosion and decomposition estimated by δ13C

Thomas Guillaume; Muhammad Damris; Yakov Kuzyakov;
  • Published: 01 Sep 2015
  • Publisher: Wiley
Abstract
Indonesia lost more tropical forest than all of Brazil in 2012, mainly driven by the rubber, oil palm, and timber industries. Nonetheless, the effects of converting forest to oil palm and rubber plantations on soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks remain unclear. We analyzed SOC losses after lowland rainforest conversion to oil palm, intensive rubber, and extensive rubber plantations in Jambi Province on Sumatra Island. The focus was on two processes: (1) erosion and (2) decomposition of soil organic matter. Carbon contents in the Ah horizon under oil palm and rubber plantations were strongly reduced up to 70% and 62%, respectively. The decrease was lower under exten...
Subjects
free text keywords: Biology, Erosion, Soil carbon, Agronomy, Carbon sequestration, Deforestation, Subsoil, Soil organic matter, Rainforest, Soil water
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publication . Other literature type . Article . 2015

Losses of soil carbon by converting tropical forest to plantations: erosion and decomposition estimated by δ13C

Thomas Guillaume; Muhammad Damris; Yakov Kuzyakov;