publication . Article . Other literature type . 2016

Back-Translation for Cross-Cultural Research:

Brislin, Richard W.;
  • Published: 27 Jul 2016 Journal: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, volume 1, pages 185-216 (issn: 0022-0221, eissn: 1552-5422, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
Two aspects of translation were investigated: (1) factors that affect translation quality, and (2) how equivalence between source and target versions can be evaluated. The variables of language, content, and difficulty were studied through an analysis of variance design. Ninety-four bilinguals from the University of Guam, representing ten languages, translated or back-translated six essays incorporating three content areas and two levels of difficulty. The five criteria for equivalence were based on comparisons of meaning or predictions of similar responses to original or translated versions. The factors of content, difficulty, language and content-language inte...
free text keywords: Equivalence (measure theory), Psychology, Foreign language, Cross-cultural studies, Back translation, Social psychology
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