publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017

High-intensity training enhances executive function in children in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

David Moreau; Ian J Kirk; Karen E Waldie;
Open Access
  • Published: 22 Aug 2017 Journal: eLife, volume 6 (eissn: 2050-084X, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd
Abstract
eLife digest Exercise has beneficial effects on the body and brain. People who perform well on tests of cardiovascular fitness also do well on tests of learning, memory and other cognitive skills. So far, studies have suggested that moderate intensity aerobic exercise that lasts for 30 to 40 minutes produces the greatest improvements in these brain abilities. Recently, short high-intensity workouts that combine cardiovascular exercise and strength training have become popular. Studies have shown that these brief bouts of strenuous exercise improve physical health, but do these benefits extend to the brain? It would also be helpful to know if the effect that exer...
Subjects
free text keywords: General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Immunology and Microbiology, General Neuroscience, General Medicine, Research Article, Human Biology and Medicine, Neuroscience, cognitive enhancement, cognitive training, physical exercise, high-intensity training, neurogenetics, BDNF, Human
117 references, page 1 of 8

Anderson-Hanley, C, Arciero, PJ, Brickman, AM, Nimon, JP, Okuma, N, Westen, SC, Merz, ME, Pence, BD, Woods, JA, Kramer, AF, Zimmerman, EA. Exergaming and older adult cognition: a cluster randomized clinical trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2012; 42: 109-119 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Aron, AR, Poldrack, RA. The cognitive neuroscience of response inhibition: relevance for genetic research in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological Psychiatry. 2005; 57: 1285-1292 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Auguie, B. 2012

Benda, NM, Seeger, JP, Stevens, GG, Hijmans-Kersten, BT, van Dijk, AP, Bellersen, L, Lamfers, EJ, Hopman, MT, Thijssen, DH. Effects of High-Intensity Interval training versus continuous training on physical fitness, cardiovascular function and quality of life in heart failure patients. PLOS ONE. 2015; 10 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Berchtold, NC, Kesslak, JP, Pike, CJ, Adlard, PA, Cotman, CW. Estrogen and exercise interact to regulate brain-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA and protein expression in the Hippocampus. European Journal of Neuroscience. 2001; 14: 1992-2002 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Best, JR, Chiu, BK, Liang Hsu, C, Nagamatsu, LS, Liu-Ambrose, T. Long-Term effects of resistance exercise training on cognition and brain volume in older women: results from a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 2015; 21: 745-756 [PubMed] [DOI]

Biddle, SJ, Batterham, AM. High-intensity interval exercise training for public health: a big HIT or shall we HIT it on the head?. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2015; 12: 95 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bliss, TV, Collingridge, GL. A synaptic model of memory: long-term potentiation in the hippocampus. Nature. 1993; 361: 31-39 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bliss, TV, Lomo, T. Long-lasting potentiation of synaptic transmission in the dentate area of the anaesthetized rabbit following stimulation of the perforant path. The Journal of Physiology. 1973; 232: 331-356 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Boot, WR, Simons, DJ, Stothart, C, Stutts, C. The Pervasive Problem with placebos in psychology: why active control groups are not sufficient to rule out placebo effects. Perspectives on Psychological Science : A Journal of the Association for Psychological Science. 2013; 8: 445-454 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Brown, W. Some experimental results in the correlation of mental abilities. British Journal of Psychology, 1904-1920. 1910; 3: 296-322 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Castelli, DM, Hillman, CH, Buck, SM, Erwin, HE. Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2007; 29: 239-252 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Chaddock-Heyman, L, Erickson, KI, Holtrop, JL, Voss, MW, Pontifex, MB, Raine, LB, Hillman, CH, Kramer, AF. Aerobic fitness is associated with greater white matter integrity in children. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2014; 8 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Champely, S. 2015

Chrysohoou, C, Angelis, A, Tsitsinakis, G, Spetsioti, S, Nasis, I, Tsiachris, D, Rapakoulias, P, Pitsavos, C, Koulouris, NG, Vogiatzis, I, Dimitris, T. Cardiovascular effects of high-intensity interval aerobic training combined with strength exercise in patients with chronic heart failure. A randomized phase III clinical trial. International Journal of Cardiology. 2015; 179: 269-274 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

117 references, page 1 of 8
Abstract
eLife digest Exercise has beneficial effects on the body and brain. People who perform well on tests of cardiovascular fitness also do well on tests of learning, memory and other cognitive skills. So far, studies have suggested that moderate intensity aerobic exercise that lasts for 30 to 40 minutes produces the greatest improvements in these brain abilities. Recently, short high-intensity workouts that combine cardiovascular exercise and strength training have become popular. Studies have shown that these brief bouts of strenuous exercise improve physical health, but do these benefits extend to the brain? It would also be helpful to know if the effect that exer...
Subjects
free text keywords: General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Immunology and Microbiology, General Neuroscience, General Medicine, Research Article, Human Biology and Medicine, Neuroscience, cognitive enhancement, cognitive training, physical exercise, high-intensity training, neurogenetics, BDNF, Human
117 references, page 1 of 8

Anderson-Hanley, C, Arciero, PJ, Brickman, AM, Nimon, JP, Okuma, N, Westen, SC, Merz, ME, Pence, BD, Woods, JA, Kramer, AF, Zimmerman, EA. Exergaming and older adult cognition: a cluster randomized clinical trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2012; 42: 109-119 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Aron, AR, Poldrack, RA. The cognitive neuroscience of response inhibition: relevance for genetic research in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological Psychiatry. 2005; 57: 1285-1292 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Auguie, B. 2012

Benda, NM, Seeger, JP, Stevens, GG, Hijmans-Kersten, BT, van Dijk, AP, Bellersen, L, Lamfers, EJ, Hopman, MT, Thijssen, DH. Effects of High-Intensity Interval training versus continuous training on physical fitness, cardiovascular function and quality of life in heart failure patients. PLOS ONE. 2015; 10 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Berchtold, NC, Kesslak, JP, Pike, CJ, Adlard, PA, Cotman, CW. Estrogen and exercise interact to regulate brain-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA and protein expression in the Hippocampus. European Journal of Neuroscience. 2001; 14: 1992-2002 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Best, JR, Chiu, BK, Liang Hsu, C, Nagamatsu, LS, Liu-Ambrose, T. Long-Term effects of resistance exercise training on cognition and brain volume in older women: results from a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 2015; 21: 745-756 [PubMed] [DOI]

Biddle, SJ, Batterham, AM. High-intensity interval exercise training for public health: a big HIT or shall we HIT it on the head?. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2015; 12: 95 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bliss, TV, Collingridge, GL. A synaptic model of memory: long-term potentiation in the hippocampus. Nature. 1993; 361: 31-39 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bliss, TV, Lomo, T. Long-lasting potentiation of synaptic transmission in the dentate area of the anaesthetized rabbit following stimulation of the perforant path. The Journal of Physiology. 1973; 232: 331-356 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Boot, WR, Simons, DJ, Stothart, C, Stutts, C. The Pervasive Problem with placebos in psychology: why active control groups are not sufficient to rule out placebo effects. Perspectives on Psychological Science : A Journal of the Association for Psychological Science. 2013; 8: 445-454 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Brown, W. Some experimental results in the correlation of mental abilities. British Journal of Psychology, 1904-1920. 1910; 3: 296-322 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Castelli, DM, Hillman, CH, Buck, SM, Erwin, HE. Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2007; 29: 239-252 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Chaddock-Heyman, L, Erickson, KI, Holtrop, JL, Voss, MW, Pontifex, MB, Raine, LB, Hillman, CH, Kramer, AF. Aerobic fitness is associated with greater white matter integrity in children. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2014; 8 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Champely, S. 2015

Chrysohoou, C, Angelis, A, Tsitsinakis, G, Spetsioti, S, Nasis, I, Tsiachris, D, Rapakoulias, P, Pitsavos, C, Koulouris, NG, Vogiatzis, I, Dimitris, T. Cardiovascular effects of high-intensity interval aerobic training combined with strength exercise in patients with chronic heart failure. A randomized phase III clinical trial. International Journal of Cardiology. 2015; 179: 269-274 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

117 references, page 1 of 8
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