publication . Other literature type . Article . 2009

Forest incomes and rural livelihoods in Chiradzulu District, Malawi

Penjani Kamanga; Paul Vedeld; Espen Sjaastad;
  • Published: 01 Jan 2009
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
Abstract This paper examines forest income among rural dwellers in one of Malawi's most densely populated districts, Chiradzulu. 160 households were interviewed in two sites, only 20 km apart, purposely selected on the basis of access to a forest reserve. People are extremely poor, with 97% having incomes of less than 1 USD/day. Forest income constitutes around 15% of total income; only non-farm income (47%) and agriculture (28%) rank higher. The poorest segment depends more on forest income than the least poor group, but the medium income group exhibits the highest dependence. Fuelwood constitutes the major source of such income followed by fodder. The incomes ...
free text keywords: Economics and Econometrics, General Environmental Science, Poverty, Economics, Inequality, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Livelihood, Net national income, Agriculture, business.industry, business, Agricultural land, Welfare, Household income, Agricultural economics
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