publication . Other literature type . Article . 2008

Bacterial vaginosis and HIV acquisition: A meta-analysis of published studies

Julius Atashili; Charles Poole; Peter M Ndumbe; Adaora A Adimora; Jennifer S Smith;
  • Published: 31 Jul 2008
  • Publisher: Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most frequent type of vaginitis in women of reproductive age [1–3]. BV is an imbalance in the ecology of the normal vaginal flora [4] that is characterized by the depletion of lactobacilli [3], and the proliferation of anaerobic bacteria such as Gardnerella vaginalis, Morbilincus species, Prevotella species, Mycoplasma hominis and the recently identified Atopobium vaginae [2, 5–7]. It most often manifests clinically as a vaginal pH of >4.5, the presence of thin whitish homogenous vaginal discharge, the detection of “clue” cells and the presence of an amine odor after the addition of 10 percent potassium hydroxide [8, 9]. BV has be...
free text keywords: Immunology, Immunology and Allergy, Infectious Diseases, Virology, Vaginitis, medicine.disease, medicine, Vaginal flora, Vaginal discharge, medicine.symptom, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Vaginal disease, Bacterial vaginosis, Atopobium vaginae, biology.organism_classification, biology, business.industry, business, Pelvic inflammatory disease, Article
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