publication . Article . Other literature type . 1998

Converging measurement of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism.

Triandis, Harry C.; Gelfand, Michele J.;
  • Published: 01 Jan 1998 Journal: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, volume 74, pages 118-128 (issn: 0022-3514, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
The constructs of horizontal (H) and vertical (V) individualism (I) and collectivism (C) were theoretically defined and empirically supported. Study 1 confirmed, via factor analysis, that the 4 constructs, HI, VI, HC, and VC, which were previously found in the United States, which has an individualist culture, also were found in Korea, which has a collectivist culture. Study 2 investigated multimethod-multitrait matrices measuring the constructs and generally supported their convergent and divergent validity. Study 3 showed how these 4 constructs relate to previously identified components by H. C. Triandis and colleagues. Study 4 showed the relationships of the ...
free text keywords: Sociology and Political Science, Social Psychology, Construct validity, Allocentrism, Individualistic culture, Convergent and divergent production, Individualism, Horizontal and vertical, Collectivism, Psychology
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