publication . Other literature type . Article . 1997

CHARACTERIZATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF WATER-REPELLENT, SELF-CLEANING PLANT SURFACES

Christoph Neinhuis;
  • Published: 01 Jun 1997
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Abstract
Abstract During the last 20 years, a wealth of data dealing with scanning electron microscopy of plant surfaces has been published. The ultrastructure of epidermal surfaces has been investigated with respect to taxonomic, as well as functional aspects. Within the latter, water-repellency has received much attention and has been well documented. Water-repellency is based on surface roughness caused by different microstructures (trichomes, cuticular folds and wax crystals), together with the hydrophobic properties of the epicuticular wax. In addition, contaminating particles are carried away by water droplets, resulting in a cleaned surface (Lotus-effect). Therefo...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: fungianimal structures
free text keywords: Plant Science, Surface finish, Epicuticular wax, Surface roughness, Superhydrophobe, Ultrastructure, Wax, visual_art.visual_art_medium, visual_art, Trichome, Biology, Botany, Epidermis (botany), Ecology, Mineralogy
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