publication . Article . 2002

Effect of Gestational and Passive Smoke Exposure on Ear Infections in Children

Judith E. C. Lieu; Alvan R. Feinstein;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Feb 2002 Journal: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, volume 156, page 147 (issn: 1072-4710, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: American Medical Association (AMA)
Objective To estimate the relative risk for otitis media (OM) in children from environmental tobacco smoke (passive exposure), maternal smoking during pregnancy (gestational exposure), or both. Design Analysis of data from a national cross-sectional health survey, utilizing questionnaire information and serum cotinine measurements. Participants Children younger than 12 years (N = 11 728) in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), conducted from 1988-1994. Main Outcome Measures Occurrence and recurrence of ear infections. Results The cumulative incidence of ear infections was 69%. Of all participants, 38% were exposed to passive s...
free text keywords: Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health, Risk factor, Otitis, medicine.symptom, medicine, Internal medicine, medicine.medical_specialty, Passive Smoke Exposure, Recurrent ear infections, business.industry, business, Surgery, Passive smoking, medicine.disease_cause, Ear infection, Tobacco smoke, Relative risk
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