publication . Preprint . Article . 2014

SKIRT: An advanced dust radiative transfer code with a user-friendly architecture

Maarten Baes; Peter Camps;
Open Access English
  • Published: 07 Oct 2014
Abstract
We discuss the architecture and design principles that underpin the latest version of SKIRT, a state-of-the-art open source code for simulating continuum radiation transfer in dusty astrophysical systems, such as spiral galaxies and accretion disks. SKIRT employs the Monte Carlo technique to emulate the relevant physical processes including scattering, absorption and emission by the dust. The code features a wealth of built-in geometries, radiation source spectra, dust characterizations, dust grids, and detectors, in addition to various mechanisms for importing snapshots generated by hydrodynamical simulations. The configuration for a particular simulation is de...
Subjects
free text keywords: Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics, Computer Science Applications
Related Organizations
50 references, page 1 of 4

Baes, M., Davies, J.I., Dejonghe, H., Sabatini, S., Roberts, S., Evans, R., Linder, S.M., Smith, R.M., de Blok, W.J.G., 2003. Radiative transfer in disc galaxies - III. The observed kinematics of dusty disc galaxies. MNRAS 343, 1081-1094. doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003.06770.x, arXiv:arXiv:astro-ph/0304501. [OpenAIRE]

Baes, M., Fritz, J., Gadotti, D.A., Smith, D.J.B., Dunne, L., da Cunha, E., Amblard, A., Auld, R., Bendo, G.J., Bonfield, D., Burgarella, D., Buttiglione, S., Cava, A., Clements, D., Cooray, A., Dariush, A., de Zotti, G., Dye, S., Eales, S., Frayer, D., Gonzalez-Nuevo, J., Herranz, D., Ibar, E., Ivison, R., Lagache, G., Leeuw, L., Lopez-Caniego, M., Jarvis, M., Maddox, S., Negrello, M., Michałowski, M., Pascale, E., Pohlen, M., Rigby, E., Rodighiero, G., Samui, S., Serjeant, S., Temi, P., Thompson, M., van der Werf, P., Verma, A., Vlahakis, C., 2010. Herschel-ATLAS: The dust energy balance in the edge-on spiral galaxy UGC 4754. A&A 518, L39. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014644, arXiv:1005.1773. [OpenAIRE]

Baes, M., Verstappen, J., De Looze, I., Fritz, J., Saftly, W., Vidal Pe´rez, E., Stalevski, M., Valcke, S., 2011. E cient Three-dimensional NLTE Dust Radiative Transfer with SKIRT. ApJS 196, 22. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/ 196/2/22, arXiv:1108.5056. [OpenAIRE]

Bruzual, G., Charlot, S., 2003. Stellar population synthesis at the resolution of 2003. MNRAS 344, 1000-1028. doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003. 06897.x, arXiv:astro-ph/0309134.

Camps, P., Baes, M., Saftly, W., 2013. Using 3D Voronoi grids in radiative transfer simulations. A&A 560, A35. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/ 201322281, arXiv:1310.1854. [OpenAIRE]

Cappellari, M., 2002. E cient multi-Gaussian expansion of galaxies. MNRAS 333, 400-410. doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2002.05412.x, arXiv:astro-ph/0201430. [OpenAIRE]

Cashwell, E.D., Everett, C.J., 1959. A practical manual on the Monte Carlo method for random walk problems. International tracts in computer science and technology and their application, Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Ciotti, L., Bertin, G., 1999. Analytical properties of the R1=m law. A&A 352, 447-451. arXiv:astro-ph/9911078. [OpenAIRE]

Compie`gne, M., Verstraete, L., Jones, A., Bernard, J.P., Boulanger, F., Flagey, N., Le Bourlot, J., Paradis, D., Ysard, N., 2011. The global dust SED: tracing the nature and evolution of dust with DustEM. A&A 525, A103. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201015292, arXiv:1010.2769.

De Geyter, G., Baes, M., Camps, P., Fritz, J., De Looze, I., Hughes, T.M., Viaene, S., Gentile, G., 2014. The distribution of interstellar dust in CALIFA edge-on galaxies via oligochromatic radiative transfer fitting. MNRAS 441, 869-885. doi:10.1093/mnras/stu612, arXiv:1403.7527. [OpenAIRE]

De Geyter, G., Baes, M., Fritz, J., Camps, P., 2013. FitSKIRT: genetic algorithms to automatically fit dusty galaxies with a Monte Carlo radiative transfer code. A&A 550, A74. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220126, arXiv:1212.0538.

De Looze, I., Baes, M., Bendo, G.J., Ciesla, L., Cortese, L., de Geyter, G., Groves, B., Boquien, M., Boselli, A., Brondeel, L., Cooray, A., Eales, S., Fritz, J., Galliano, F., Gentile, G., Gordon, K.D., Hony, S., Law, K.H., Madden, S.C., Sauvage, M., Smith, M.W.L., Spinoglio, L., Verstappen, J., 2012a. The dust energy balance in the edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4565. MNRAS 427, 2797-2811. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.22045.x, arXiv:1209.2636.

De Looze, I., Baes, M., Fritz, J., Verstappen, J., 2012b. Panchromatic radiative transfer modelling of stars and dust in the Sombrero galaxy. MNRAS 419, 895-903. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19759.x, arXiv:1109.0212.

Dehnen, W., 1993. A Family of Potential-Density Pairs for Spherical Galaxies and Bulges. MNRAS 265, 250. [OpenAIRE]

Dejonghe, H., 1987. A completely analytical family of anisotropic Plummer models. MNRAS 224, 13-39. [OpenAIRE]

50 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
We discuss the architecture and design principles that underpin the latest version of SKIRT, a state-of-the-art open source code for simulating continuum radiation transfer in dusty astrophysical systems, such as spiral galaxies and accretion disks. SKIRT employs the Monte Carlo technique to emulate the relevant physical processes including scattering, absorption and emission by the dust. The code features a wealth of built-in geometries, radiation source spectra, dust characterizations, dust grids, and detectors, in addition to various mechanisms for importing snapshots generated by hydrodynamical simulations. The configuration for a particular simulation is de...
Subjects
free text keywords: Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics, Computer Science Applications
Related Organizations
50 references, page 1 of 4

Baes, M., Davies, J.I., Dejonghe, H., Sabatini, S., Roberts, S., Evans, R., Linder, S.M., Smith, R.M., de Blok, W.J.G., 2003. Radiative transfer in disc galaxies - III. The observed kinematics of dusty disc galaxies. MNRAS 343, 1081-1094. doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003.06770.x, arXiv:arXiv:astro-ph/0304501. [OpenAIRE]

Baes, M., Fritz, J., Gadotti, D.A., Smith, D.J.B., Dunne, L., da Cunha, E., Amblard, A., Auld, R., Bendo, G.J., Bonfield, D., Burgarella, D., Buttiglione, S., Cava, A., Clements, D., Cooray, A., Dariush, A., de Zotti, G., Dye, S., Eales, S., Frayer, D., Gonzalez-Nuevo, J., Herranz, D., Ibar, E., Ivison, R., Lagache, G., Leeuw, L., Lopez-Caniego, M., Jarvis, M., Maddox, S., Negrello, M., Michałowski, M., Pascale, E., Pohlen, M., Rigby, E., Rodighiero, G., Samui, S., Serjeant, S., Temi, P., Thompson, M., van der Werf, P., Verma, A., Vlahakis, C., 2010. Herschel-ATLAS: The dust energy balance in the edge-on spiral galaxy UGC 4754. A&A 518, L39. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014644, arXiv:1005.1773. [OpenAIRE]

Baes, M., Verstappen, J., De Looze, I., Fritz, J., Saftly, W., Vidal Pe´rez, E., Stalevski, M., Valcke, S., 2011. E cient Three-dimensional NLTE Dust Radiative Transfer with SKIRT. ApJS 196, 22. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/ 196/2/22, arXiv:1108.5056. [OpenAIRE]

Bruzual, G., Charlot, S., 2003. Stellar population synthesis at the resolution of 2003. MNRAS 344, 1000-1028. doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003. 06897.x, arXiv:astro-ph/0309134.

Camps, P., Baes, M., Saftly, W., 2013. Using 3D Voronoi grids in radiative transfer simulations. A&A 560, A35. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/ 201322281, arXiv:1310.1854. [OpenAIRE]

Cappellari, M., 2002. E cient multi-Gaussian expansion of galaxies. MNRAS 333, 400-410. doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2002.05412.x, arXiv:astro-ph/0201430. [OpenAIRE]

Cashwell, E.D., Everett, C.J., 1959. A practical manual on the Monte Carlo method for random walk problems. International tracts in computer science and technology and their application, Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Ciotti, L., Bertin, G., 1999. Analytical properties of the R1=m law. A&A 352, 447-451. arXiv:astro-ph/9911078. [OpenAIRE]

Compie`gne, M., Verstraete, L., Jones, A., Bernard, J.P., Boulanger, F., Flagey, N., Le Bourlot, J., Paradis, D., Ysard, N., 2011. The global dust SED: tracing the nature and evolution of dust with DustEM. A&A 525, A103. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201015292, arXiv:1010.2769.

De Geyter, G., Baes, M., Camps, P., Fritz, J., De Looze, I., Hughes, T.M., Viaene, S., Gentile, G., 2014. The distribution of interstellar dust in CALIFA edge-on galaxies via oligochromatic radiative transfer fitting. MNRAS 441, 869-885. doi:10.1093/mnras/stu612, arXiv:1403.7527. [OpenAIRE]

De Geyter, G., Baes, M., Fritz, J., Camps, P., 2013. FitSKIRT: genetic algorithms to automatically fit dusty galaxies with a Monte Carlo radiative transfer code. A&A 550, A74. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220126, arXiv:1212.0538.

De Looze, I., Baes, M., Bendo, G.J., Ciesla, L., Cortese, L., de Geyter, G., Groves, B., Boquien, M., Boselli, A., Brondeel, L., Cooray, A., Eales, S., Fritz, J., Galliano, F., Gentile, G., Gordon, K.D., Hony, S., Law, K.H., Madden, S.C., Sauvage, M., Smith, M.W.L., Spinoglio, L., Verstappen, J., 2012a. The dust energy balance in the edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4565. MNRAS 427, 2797-2811. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.22045.x, arXiv:1209.2636.

De Looze, I., Baes, M., Fritz, J., Verstappen, J., 2012b. Panchromatic radiative transfer modelling of stars and dust in the Sombrero galaxy. MNRAS 419, 895-903. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19759.x, arXiv:1109.0212.

Dehnen, W., 1993. A Family of Potential-Density Pairs for Spherical Galaxies and Bulges. MNRAS 265, 250. [OpenAIRE]

Dejonghe, H., 1987. A completely analytical family of anisotropic Plummer models. MNRAS 224, 13-39. [OpenAIRE]

50 references, page 1 of 4
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