publication . Other literature type . Article . 2010

Developmental Reversals in False Memory: Effects of Emotional Valence and Arousal

C J Brainerd; R E Holliday; V F Reyna; Y Yang; M P Toglia;
Open Access English
  • Published: 12 Jun 2010
Abstract
Abstract Do the emotional valence and arousal of events distort children’s memories? Do valence and arousal modulate counterintuitive age increases in false memory? We investigated those questions in children, adolescents, and adults using the Cornell/Cortland Emotion Lists, a word list pool that induces false memories and in which valence and arousal can be manipulated factorially. False memories increased with age for unpresented semantic associates of word lists, and net accuracy (the ratio of true memory to total memory) decreased with age. These surprising developmental trends were more pronounced for negatively valenced materials than for positively valenc...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: nutritional and metabolic diseases
free text keywords: Article, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Cognitive psychology, Developmental psychology, Fuzzy-trace theory, Arousal, Cognition, Memoria, False memory, Memory development, Psychology, Social psychology, Experimental psychology, Valence (psychology)
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