publication . Article . Other literature type . 2001

Equilibrium Theory Revisited: Mutual Gaze and Personal Space in Virtual Environments

Jeremy N. Bailenson; Andrew C. Beall; Jack M. Loomis; Jim Blascovich;
  • Published: 01 Dec 2001 Journal: Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, volume 10, pages 583-598 (issn: 1054-7460, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: MIT Press - Journals
<jats:p> During the last half of the twentieth century, psychologists and anthropologists have studied proxemics, or spacing behavior, among people in many contexts. As we enter the twenty-first century, immersive virtual environment technology promises new experimental venues in which researchers can study proxemics. Immersive virtual environments provide realistic and compelling experimental settings without sacrificing experimental control. The experiment reported here tested Argyle and Dean's (1965) equilibrium theory's specification of an inverse relationship between mutual gaze, a nonverbal cue signaling intimacy, and interpersonal distance. Participants w...
free text keywords: Control and Systems Engineering, Human-Computer Interaction, Software, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Eye contact, Interpersonal communication, Proxemics, Instructional simulation, Nonverbal communication, Embodied agent, computer.software_genre, computer, Computer science, Virtual actor, Gaze, Human–computer interaction
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