publication . Other literature type . Article . 2009

Species Distribution Models: Ecological Explanation and Prediction Across Space and Time

Jane Elith;
  • Published: 01 Dec 2009
  • Publisher: Annual Reviews
Species distribution models (SDMs) are numerical tools that combine observations of species occurrence or abundance with environmental estimates. They are used to gain ecological and evolutionary insights and to predict distributions across landscapes, sometimes requiring extrapolation in space and time. SDMs are now widely used across terrestrial, freshwater, and marine realms. Differences in methods between disciplines reflect both differences in species mobility and in “established use.” Model realism and robustness is influenced by selection of relevant predictors and modeling method, consideration of scale, how the interplay between environmental and geogra...
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