publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015

Land use intensification alters ecosystem multifunctionality via loss of biodiversity and changes to functional composition

Wilcke, Wolfgang; Knops, Johannes; Blaser, Stefan; Klaus, Valentin H.; Westphal, Catrin; Schöning, Ingo; Hölzel, Norbert; Manning, Peter; Stempfhuber, Barbara; Grassein, Fabrice; ...
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Aug 2015
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
  • Country: Switzerland
Abstract
Global change, especially land-use intensification, affects human well-being by impacting the deliv-ery of multiple ecosystem services (multifunctionality). However, whether biodiversity loss is amajor component of global change effects on multifunctionality in real-world ecosystems, as inexperimental ones, remains unclear. Therefore, we assessed biodiversity, functional compositionand 14 ecosystem services on 150 agricultural grasslands differing in land-use intensity. We alsointroduce five multifunctionality measures in which ecosystem services were weighted according torealistic land-use objectives. We found that indirect land-use effects, i.e. those mediated b...
Subjects
free text keywords: 910 Geography & travel, 580 Plants (Botany), 910 Geography & travel
47 references, page 1 of 4

Allan, E., Bossdorf, O., Dormann, C.F., Prati, D., Gossner, M.M., Tscharntke, T. et al. (2014). Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 111, 308-313.

Balvanera, P., Siddique, I., Dee, L., Paquette, A., Isbell, F., Gonzalez, A. et al. (2014). Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: current uncertainties and the necessary next steps. Bioscience, 64, 49-57.

Benayas, J.M.R., Newton, A.C., Diaz, A. & Bullock, J.M. (2009). Enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services by ecological restoration: a meta-analysis. Science, 325, 1121-1124. [OpenAIRE]

Blu€thgen, N., Dormann, C.F., Prati, D., Klaus, V.H., Kleinebecker, T., Ho€lzel, N. et al. (2012). A quantitative index of land-use intensity in grasslands: integrating mowing, grazing and fertilization. Basic Appl. Ecol., 13, 207-220.

Bradford, M.A., Wood, S.A., Bardgett, R.D., Black, Helaina I.J., Bonkowski, M., Eggers, T. et al. (2014). Discontinuity in the responses of ecosystem processes and multifunctionality to altered soil community composition. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 111, 14478-14483.

Byrnes, J.E.K., Gamfeldt, L., Isbell, F., Lefcheck, J.S., Griffin, J.N., Hector, A. et al. (2013). Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality: challenges and solutions. Methods Ecol. Evol., 5, 111-124.

Cadotte, M.W. (2013). Experimental evidence that evolutionarily diverse assemblages result in higher productivity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 110, 8996-9000. [OpenAIRE]

Cardinale, B.J., Duffy, J.E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D.U., Perrings, C., Venail, P. et al. (2012). Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 486, 59-67. [OpenAIRE]

Cousins, S.A.O. & Eriksson, O. (2002). The influence of management history and habitat on plant species richness in a rural hemiboreal landscape, Sweden. Landscape Ecol., 17, 517-529.

Creed, R.P., Cherry, R.P., Pflaum, J.R. & Wood, C.J. (2009). Dominant species can produce a negative relationship between species diversity and ecosystem function. Oikos, 118, 723-732. [OpenAIRE]

Dornbush, M.E. & Wilsey, B.J. (2010). Experimental manipulation of soil depth alters species richness and co-occurrence in restored tallgrass prairie. J. Ecol., 98, 117-125.

Ellenberg, H. (1988). Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Fischer, M., Bossdorf, O., Gockel, S., Ha€nsel, F., Hemp, A., Hessenmo€ller, D. et al. (2010). Implementing large-scale and long-term functional biodiversity research: the Biodiversity Exploratories. Basic Appl. Ecol., 11, 473-485. [OpenAIRE]

Flynn, D.F.B., Mirotchnick, N., Jain, M., Palmer, M.I. & Naeem, S. (2011). Functional and phylogenetic diversity as predictors of biodiversity-ecosystem-function relationships. Ecology, 92, 1573-1581.

Foley, J.A., DeFries, R., Asner, G.P., Barford, C., Bonan, G., Carpenter, S.R. et al. (2005). Global consequences of land use. Science, 309, 570- 574.

47 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
Global change, especially land-use intensification, affects human well-being by impacting the deliv-ery of multiple ecosystem services (multifunctionality). However, whether biodiversity loss is amajor component of global change effects on multifunctionality in real-world ecosystems, as inexperimental ones, remains unclear. Therefore, we assessed biodiversity, functional compositionand 14 ecosystem services on 150 agricultural grasslands differing in land-use intensity. We alsointroduce five multifunctionality measures in which ecosystem services were weighted according torealistic land-use objectives. We found that indirect land-use effects, i.e. those mediated b...
Subjects
free text keywords: 910 Geography & travel, 580 Plants (Botany), 910 Geography & travel
47 references, page 1 of 4

Allan, E., Bossdorf, O., Dormann, C.F., Prati, D., Gossner, M.M., Tscharntke, T. et al. (2014). Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 111, 308-313.

Balvanera, P., Siddique, I., Dee, L., Paquette, A., Isbell, F., Gonzalez, A. et al. (2014). Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: current uncertainties and the necessary next steps. Bioscience, 64, 49-57.

Benayas, J.M.R., Newton, A.C., Diaz, A. & Bullock, J.M. (2009). Enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services by ecological restoration: a meta-analysis. Science, 325, 1121-1124. [OpenAIRE]

Blu€thgen, N., Dormann, C.F., Prati, D., Klaus, V.H., Kleinebecker, T., Ho€lzel, N. et al. (2012). A quantitative index of land-use intensity in grasslands: integrating mowing, grazing and fertilization. Basic Appl. Ecol., 13, 207-220.

Bradford, M.A., Wood, S.A., Bardgett, R.D., Black, Helaina I.J., Bonkowski, M., Eggers, T. et al. (2014). Discontinuity in the responses of ecosystem processes and multifunctionality to altered soil community composition. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 111, 14478-14483.

Byrnes, J.E.K., Gamfeldt, L., Isbell, F., Lefcheck, J.S., Griffin, J.N., Hector, A. et al. (2013). Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality: challenges and solutions. Methods Ecol. Evol., 5, 111-124.

Cadotte, M.W. (2013). Experimental evidence that evolutionarily diverse assemblages result in higher productivity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 110, 8996-9000. [OpenAIRE]

Cardinale, B.J., Duffy, J.E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D.U., Perrings, C., Venail, P. et al. (2012). Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 486, 59-67. [OpenAIRE]

Cousins, S.A.O. & Eriksson, O. (2002). The influence of management history and habitat on plant species richness in a rural hemiboreal landscape, Sweden. Landscape Ecol., 17, 517-529.

Creed, R.P., Cherry, R.P., Pflaum, J.R. & Wood, C.J. (2009). Dominant species can produce a negative relationship between species diversity and ecosystem function. Oikos, 118, 723-732. [OpenAIRE]

Dornbush, M.E. & Wilsey, B.J. (2010). Experimental manipulation of soil depth alters species richness and co-occurrence in restored tallgrass prairie. J. Ecol., 98, 117-125.

Ellenberg, H. (1988). Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Fischer, M., Bossdorf, O., Gockel, S., Ha€nsel, F., Hemp, A., Hessenmo€ller, D. et al. (2010). Implementing large-scale and long-term functional biodiversity research: the Biodiversity Exploratories. Basic Appl. Ecol., 11, 473-485. [OpenAIRE]

Flynn, D.F.B., Mirotchnick, N., Jain, M., Palmer, M.I. & Naeem, S. (2011). Functional and phylogenetic diversity as predictors of biodiversity-ecosystem-function relationships. Ecology, 92, 1573-1581.

Foley, J.A., DeFries, R., Asner, G.P., Barford, C., Bonan, G., Carpenter, S.R. et al. (2005). Global consequences of land use. Science, 309, 570- 574.

47 references, page 1 of 4
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