publication . Article . Other literature type . 2006

Ganoderma - a therapeutic fungal biofactory.

Paterson, R. Russell M.;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Sep 2006 Journal: Phytochemistry, volume 67, pages 1,985-2,001 (issn: 0031-9422, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: Brazil
Abstract
Ganoderma is a basidiomycete white rot fungus which has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries particularly in China, Japan and Korea. A great deal of work has been carried out on Ganoderma lucidum. The common names for preparations include Lingzhi, Munnertake, Sachitake, Reishi and Youngzhi. This review collates the publications detailing activities and compounds by representative species whilst considering the most valid claims of effectiveness. The biological activities reported of preparations from Ganoderma are remarkable and given most emphasis herein as distinct from structure/activity information. The metabolites consist of mainly polysaccharides...
Subjects
free text keywords: Polyporaceae, Lingzhi, Terpenoids, Steroids, Polysaccharides, Cancer, HIV, Science & Technology, Plant Science, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Horticulture, General Medicine, Ganoderma lucidum, Biology, Ganoderma, biology.organism_classification, White rot fungus, Ganoderic acid, chemistry.chemical_compound, chemistry, Botany, Organic chemistry
Related Organizations
136 references, page 1 of 10

Akihisa, T., Tagata, M., Ukiya, M., Tokuda, H., Suzuki, T., Kimura, Y., 2005. Oxygenated lanostane-type triterpenoids from the fungus Ganoderma lucidum. J. Nat. Prod. 68, 559-563. [OpenAIRE]

Aydemir, G., 2002. Research on nutrition and cancer: the importance of the standardized dietary assessments. Asian Pacific J. Cancer Prev. 3, 177-180.

Bao, X.-F., Wang, X.-S., Dong, Q., Fang, J.-N., Li, X.-Y., 2002. Structural features of immunologically active polysaccharides from Ganoderma lucidum. Phytochemistry 59, 175-181.

Brian, P.W., 1951. Antibiotics produced by mushrooms. Bot. Rev. 17, 357-430.

Cao, Q., Lin, Z., 2006. Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides peptide inhibits the growth of vascular endothelial cell and the induction of VEGF in human lung cancer cell. Life Sci. 78, 1457-1463.

Chairul, T.T., Hayashi, Y., Nishizawa, M., Tokuda, H., Chairul, S.M., Hayashi, Y., 1991. Applanoxidic acids A, B, C and D, biologically active tetracyclic triterpenes from Ganoderma applanatum. Phytochemistry 30, 4105-4109.

Chairul, T.T., Nishizawa, M., Shiro, M., Tokuda, H., Hayashi, Y., 1990. Malonate half-esters of homolanostanoid from an Asian Ganoderma fungus. Phytochemistry 29, 923-928.

Chen, D.H., Shiou, W.Y., Wang, K.C., Huang, S.Y., Shie, Y.T., Tsai, C.M., Shie, J.F., Chen, K.D., 1999. Chemotaxonomy of triterpenoid pattern of HPLC of Ganoderma lucidum and Ganoderma tsugae. J. Chin. Chem. Soc. 46, 47-51.

Chen, R.Y., Yu, D.Q., 1999. Studies on the triterpenoid constituents of the spores of Ganoderma lucidum (Curt.:Fr.) P. Karst. (aphyllophoromycetideae). Int. J. Med. Mush. 1, 147-152.

Chen, T.W., Wong, Y.K., Lee, S.S., 1991. In vitro cytotoxicity of Ganoderma lucidum on oral cancer cells. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei) 48, 54-58.

Chen, X., Hi, Z., Yang, X.-X., Huang, M., Gao, Y., Tang, W., Chan, S.Y., et al., 2006. Monitoring of immune responses to a herbal immuno-modulator in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Int. Immunopharmacol. 6, 499-508.

Cole, R.J., Schweikert, M.A., 2003. Handbook of Fungal Secondary Metabolites, vol. 2. Academic Press, California.

Cole, R.J., Jarvis, B.B., Schweikert, M.A., 2003. Handbook of Fungal Secondary Metabolites, vol. 3. Academic Press, California.

Coletto, B.M.A., Mondino, P., 1991. Antibiotic activity in Basidiomycetes: V. Antibiotic activity of mycelia and cultural filtrates. Allionia (Turin) 30, 61-64.

Di, X., Chan, K.K.C., Leung, H.W., Huie, C.W., 2003. Fingerprint profiling of acid hydrolyzates of polysaccharides extracted from the fruiting bodies and spores of Lingzhi by high-performance thin-layer chromatography. J. Chromatogr. A 1018, 85-95.

136 references, page 1 of 10
Abstract
Ganoderma is a basidiomycete white rot fungus which has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries particularly in China, Japan and Korea. A great deal of work has been carried out on Ganoderma lucidum. The common names for preparations include Lingzhi, Munnertake, Sachitake, Reishi and Youngzhi. This review collates the publications detailing activities and compounds by representative species whilst considering the most valid claims of effectiveness. The biological activities reported of preparations from Ganoderma are remarkable and given most emphasis herein as distinct from structure/activity information. The metabolites consist of mainly polysaccharides...
Subjects
free text keywords: Polyporaceae, Lingzhi, Terpenoids, Steroids, Polysaccharides, Cancer, HIV, Science & Technology, Plant Science, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Horticulture, General Medicine, Ganoderma lucidum, Biology, Ganoderma, biology.organism_classification, White rot fungus, Ganoderic acid, chemistry.chemical_compound, chemistry, Botany, Organic chemistry
Related Organizations
136 references, page 1 of 10

Akihisa, T., Tagata, M., Ukiya, M., Tokuda, H., Suzuki, T., Kimura, Y., 2005. Oxygenated lanostane-type triterpenoids from the fungus Ganoderma lucidum. J. Nat. Prod. 68, 559-563. [OpenAIRE]

Aydemir, G., 2002. Research on nutrition and cancer: the importance of the standardized dietary assessments. Asian Pacific J. Cancer Prev. 3, 177-180.

Bao, X.-F., Wang, X.-S., Dong, Q., Fang, J.-N., Li, X.-Y., 2002. Structural features of immunologically active polysaccharides from Ganoderma lucidum. Phytochemistry 59, 175-181.

Brian, P.W., 1951. Antibiotics produced by mushrooms. Bot. Rev. 17, 357-430.

Cao, Q., Lin, Z., 2006. Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides peptide inhibits the growth of vascular endothelial cell and the induction of VEGF in human lung cancer cell. Life Sci. 78, 1457-1463.

Chairul, T.T., Hayashi, Y., Nishizawa, M., Tokuda, H., Chairul, S.M., Hayashi, Y., 1991. Applanoxidic acids A, B, C and D, biologically active tetracyclic triterpenes from Ganoderma applanatum. Phytochemistry 30, 4105-4109.

Chairul, T.T., Nishizawa, M., Shiro, M., Tokuda, H., Hayashi, Y., 1990. Malonate half-esters of homolanostanoid from an Asian Ganoderma fungus. Phytochemistry 29, 923-928.

Chen, D.H., Shiou, W.Y., Wang, K.C., Huang, S.Y., Shie, Y.T., Tsai, C.M., Shie, J.F., Chen, K.D., 1999. Chemotaxonomy of triterpenoid pattern of HPLC of Ganoderma lucidum and Ganoderma tsugae. J. Chin. Chem. Soc. 46, 47-51.

Chen, R.Y., Yu, D.Q., 1999. Studies on the triterpenoid constituents of the spores of Ganoderma lucidum (Curt.:Fr.) P. Karst. (aphyllophoromycetideae). Int. J. Med. Mush. 1, 147-152.

Chen, T.W., Wong, Y.K., Lee, S.S., 1991. In vitro cytotoxicity of Ganoderma lucidum on oral cancer cells. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei) 48, 54-58.

Chen, X., Hi, Z., Yang, X.-X., Huang, M., Gao, Y., Tang, W., Chan, S.Y., et al., 2006. Monitoring of immune responses to a herbal immuno-modulator in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Int. Immunopharmacol. 6, 499-508.

Cole, R.J., Schweikert, M.A., 2003. Handbook of Fungal Secondary Metabolites, vol. 2. Academic Press, California.

Cole, R.J., Jarvis, B.B., Schweikert, M.A., 2003. Handbook of Fungal Secondary Metabolites, vol. 3. Academic Press, California.

Coletto, B.M.A., Mondino, P., 1991. Antibiotic activity in Basidiomycetes: V. Antibiotic activity of mycelia and cultural filtrates. Allionia (Turin) 30, 61-64.

Di, X., Chan, K.K.C., Leung, H.W., Huie, C.W., 2003. Fingerprint profiling of acid hydrolyzates of polysaccharides extracted from the fruiting bodies and spores of Lingzhi by high-performance thin-layer chromatography. J. Chromatogr. A 1018, 85-95.

136 references, page 1 of 10
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