publication . Article . 2007

confounding and control

Guillaume Wunsch;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Feb 2007 Journal: Demographic Research, volume 16, pages 97-120 (eissn: 1435-9871, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
Abstract
This paper deals both with the issues of confounding and of control, as the definition of a confounding factor is far from universal and there exist different methodological approaches, ex ante and ex post, for controlling for a confounding factor. In the first section the paper compares some definitions of a confounder given in the demographic and epidemiological literature with the definition of a confounder as a common cause of both treatment/exposure and response/outcome. In the second section, the paper examines confounder control from the data collection viewpoint and recalls the stratification approach for ex post control. The paper finally raises the iss...
Subjects
free text keywords: confounding, control, structural modelling, Demography, Data collection, Economics, Common cause and special cause, Confounding, Ex-ante, Econometrics, jel:J1, jel:Z0, control, structural modelling, Demography. Population. Vital events, HB848-3697
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