publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 in Mainland China

Xin-Lou Li; Kun Liu; Hong-Wu Yao; Ye Sun; Wan-Jun Chen; Ruo-Xi Sun; Sake J. de Vlas; Li-Qun Fang; Wu-Chun Cao;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 May 2015 Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, volume 12, issue 5, pages 5,026-5,045 (issn: 1661-7827, eissn: 1660-4601, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: MDPI
  • Country: Netherlands
Abstract
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 has posed a significant threat to both humans and birds, and it has spanned large geographic areas and various ecological systems throughout Asia, Europe and Africa, but especially in mainland China. Great efforts in control and prevention of the disease, including universal vaccination campaigns in poultry and active serological and virological surveillance, have been undertaken in mainland China since the beginning of 2006. In this study, we aim to characterize the spatial and temporal patterns of HPAI H5N1, and identify influencing factors favoring the occurrence of HPAI H5N1 outbreaks in poultry in mainland China...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: virus diseasesanimal diseases
free text keywords: Article, highly pathogenic avian influenza, H5N1, GIS, risk prediction, public health, China, R, Vaccination, Outbreak, Transmission (mechanics), law.invention, law, Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, medicine.disease_cause, medicine, business.industry, business, Mainland China, Goose, biology.animal, biology, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Environmental health
Related Organizations
38 references, page 1 of 3

1. Edge, L. Asian H5N1 still going strong at 10 years old. Lancet Infect. Dis. 2007, 7, doi:10.1016/ S1473-3099(07)70030-0.

2. De Jong, J.; Claas, E.; Osterhaus, A.; Webster, R.; Lim, W. A pandemic warning? Nature 1997, 389, 554-554. [OpenAIRE]

3. OIE. Avian Influenza Portal. Available online: http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/ web-portal-on-avian-influenza (accessed on 1 October 2014).

4. WHO. H5N1 influenza. Avalable online: http://www.who.int/influenza/human_ animal_interface/ avian_influenza/h5n1_research/faqs/en/ (accessed on 1 October 2014).

5. Ducatez, M.F.; Olinger, C.M.; Owoade, A.A.; de Landtsheer, S.; Ammerlaan, W.; Niesters, H.G.; Osterhaus, A.D.; Fouchier, R.A.; Muller, C.P. Avian flu: Multiple introductions of H5N1 in Nigeria. Nature. 2006, 442, doi:10.1038/442037a. [OpenAIRE]

6. Peiris, J.M.; de Jong, M.D.; Guan, Y. Avian influenza virus (H5N1): A threat to human health. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 2007, 20, 243-267.

7. Krau, S.D.; Parsons, L.C. Avian influenza: Are we ready? Crit. Care Nurs. Clin. North Amer. 2007, 19, 107-113.

8. Ungchusak, K.; Auewarakul, P.; Dowell, S.F.; Kitphati, R.; Auwanit, W.; Puthavathana, P.; Uiprasertkul, M.; Boonnak, K.; Pittayawonganon, C.; Cox, N.J. Probable person-to-person transmission of avian influenza a (H5N1). N. Engl. J. Med. 2005, 352, 333-340. [OpenAIRE]

9. Gao, R.; Cao, B.; Hu, Y.; Feng, Z.; Wang, D.; Hu, W.; Chen, J.; Jie, Z.; Qiu, H.; Xu, K.; et al. Human infection with a novel avian-origin influenza a (H7N9) virus. N. Engl. J. Med. 2013, 368, 1888-1897. [OpenAIRE]

10. Fang, L.Q.; de Vlas, S.J.; Liang, S.; Looman, C.W.; Gong, P.; Xu, B.; Yan, L.; Yang, H.; Richardus, J.H.; Cao, W.C. Environmental factors contributing to the spread of H5N1 avian influenza in mainland China. PLoS One 2008, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002268.

11. Gilbert, M.; Xiao, X.; Chaitaweesub, P.; Kalpravidh, W.; Premashthira, S.; Boles, S.; Slingenbergh, J. Avian influenza, domestic ducks and rice agriculture in Thailand. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 2007, 119, 409-415.

12. Williams, R.A.; Peterson, A.T. Ecology and geography of avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) transmission in the middle east and northeastern Africa. Int. J. Health Geogr. 2009, 8, doi:10.1186/1476-072X-8-47.

13. Pfeiffer, D.U.; Minh, P.Q.; Martin, V.; Epprecht, M.; Otte, M.J. An analysis of the spatial and temporal patterns of highly pathogenic avian influenza occurrence in Vietnam using national surveillance data. Vet. J. 2007, 174, 302-309.

14. Gilbert, M.; Xiao, X.; Pfeiffer, D.U.; Epprecht, M.; Boles, S.; Czarnecki, C.; Chaitaweesub, P.; Kalpravidh, W.; Minh, P.Q.; Otte, M.J.; et al. Mapping H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza risk in Southeast Asia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2008, 105, 4769-4774.

15. Rivas, A.L.; Chowell, S.J.; Schwager, F.O.; Fasina, A.L.; Hoogesteijn, S.D.; Smith, S.P.R.; Bisschop, K.L.; Anderson, J.M.; Hyman, J.M. Lessons from Nigeria: the role of roads in the geo-temporal progression of avian influenza (H5N1) virus. Epidemiol. Infect. 2010, 138, 192-198.

38 references, page 1 of 3
Related research
Abstract
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 has posed a significant threat to both humans and birds, and it has spanned large geographic areas and various ecological systems throughout Asia, Europe and Africa, but especially in mainland China. Great efforts in control and prevention of the disease, including universal vaccination campaigns in poultry and active serological and virological surveillance, have been undertaken in mainland China since the beginning of 2006. In this study, we aim to characterize the spatial and temporal patterns of HPAI H5N1, and identify influencing factors favoring the occurrence of HPAI H5N1 outbreaks in poultry in mainland China...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: virus diseasesanimal diseases
free text keywords: Article, highly pathogenic avian influenza, H5N1, GIS, risk prediction, public health, China, R, Vaccination, Outbreak, Transmission (mechanics), law.invention, law, Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, medicine.disease_cause, medicine, business.industry, business, Mainland China, Goose, biology.animal, biology, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Environmental health
Related Organizations
38 references, page 1 of 3

1. Edge, L. Asian H5N1 still going strong at 10 years old. Lancet Infect. Dis. 2007, 7, doi:10.1016/ S1473-3099(07)70030-0.

2. De Jong, J.; Claas, E.; Osterhaus, A.; Webster, R.; Lim, W. A pandemic warning? Nature 1997, 389, 554-554. [OpenAIRE]

3. OIE. Avian Influenza Portal. Available online: http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/ web-portal-on-avian-influenza (accessed on 1 October 2014).

4. WHO. H5N1 influenza. Avalable online: http://www.who.int/influenza/human_ animal_interface/ avian_influenza/h5n1_research/faqs/en/ (accessed on 1 October 2014).

5. Ducatez, M.F.; Olinger, C.M.; Owoade, A.A.; de Landtsheer, S.; Ammerlaan, W.; Niesters, H.G.; Osterhaus, A.D.; Fouchier, R.A.; Muller, C.P. Avian flu: Multiple introductions of H5N1 in Nigeria. Nature. 2006, 442, doi:10.1038/442037a. [OpenAIRE]

6. Peiris, J.M.; de Jong, M.D.; Guan, Y. Avian influenza virus (H5N1): A threat to human health. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 2007, 20, 243-267.

7. Krau, S.D.; Parsons, L.C. Avian influenza: Are we ready? Crit. Care Nurs. Clin. North Amer. 2007, 19, 107-113.

8. Ungchusak, K.; Auewarakul, P.; Dowell, S.F.; Kitphati, R.; Auwanit, W.; Puthavathana, P.; Uiprasertkul, M.; Boonnak, K.; Pittayawonganon, C.; Cox, N.J. Probable person-to-person transmission of avian influenza a (H5N1). N. Engl. J. Med. 2005, 352, 333-340. [OpenAIRE]

9. Gao, R.; Cao, B.; Hu, Y.; Feng, Z.; Wang, D.; Hu, W.; Chen, J.; Jie, Z.; Qiu, H.; Xu, K.; et al. Human infection with a novel avian-origin influenza a (H7N9) virus. N. Engl. J. Med. 2013, 368, 1888-1897. [OpenAIRE]

10. Fang, L.Q.; de Vlas, S.J.; Liang, S.; Looman, C.W.; Gong, P.; Xu, B.; Yan, L.; Yang, H.; Richardus, J.H.; Cao, W.C. Environmental factors contributing to the spread of H5N1 avian influenza in mainland China. PLoS One 2008, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002268.

11. Gilbert, M.; Xiao, X.; Chaitaweesub, P.; Kalpravidh, W.; Premashthira, S.; Boles, S.; Slingenbergh, J. Avian influenza, domestic ducks and rice agriculture in Thailand. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 2007, 119, 409-415.

12. Williams, R.A.; Peterson, A.T. Ecology and geography of avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) transmission in the middle east and northeastern Africa. Int. J. Health Geogr. 2009, 8, doi:10.1186/1476-072X-8-47.

13. Pfeiffer, D.U.; Minh, P.Q.; Martin, V.; Epprecht, M.; Otte, M.J. An analysis of the spatial and temporal patterns of highly pathogenic avian influenza occurrence in Vietnam using national surveillance data. Vet. J. 2007, 174, 302-309.

14. Gilbert, M.; Xiao, X.; Pfeiffer, D.U.; Epprecht, M.; Boles, S.; Czarnecki, C.; Chaitaweesub, P.; Kalpravidh, W.; Minh, P.Q.; Otte, M.J.; et al. Mapping H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza risk in Southeast Asia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2008, 105, 4769-4774.

15. Rivas, A.L.; Chowell, S.J.; Schwager, F.O.; Fasina, A.L.; Hoogesteijn, S.D.; Smith, S.P.R.; Bisschop, K.L.; Anderson, J.M.; Hyman, J.M. Lessons from Nigeria: the role of roads in the geo-temporal progression of avian influenza (H5N1) virus. Epidemiol. Infect. 2010, 138, 192-198.

38 references, page 1 of 3
Related research
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publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 in Mainland China

Xin-Lou Li; Kun Liu; Hong-Wu Yao; Ye Sun; Wan-Jun Chen; Ruo-Xi Sun; Sake J. de Vlas; Li-Qun Fang; Wu-Chun Cao;