publication . Other literature type . Article . 2009

The role of sleep in false memory formation.

Jessica D. Payne; Daniel L. Schacter; Ruth E. Propper; Li-Wen Huang; Erin J. Wamsley; Matthew A. Tucker; Matthew P. Walker; Robert Stickgold;
  • Published: 01 Oct 2009
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
Abstract
Memories are not stored as exact copies of our experiences. As a result, remembering is subject not only to memory failure, but to inaccuracies and distortions as well. Although such distortions are often retained or even enhanced over time, sleep's contribution to the development of false memories is unknown. Here, we report that a night of sleep increases both veridical and false recall in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, compared to an equivalent period of daytime wakefulness. But while veridical memory deteriorates across both wake and sleep, false memories are preferentially preserved by sleep, actually showing a non-significant improvement. The...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: psychological phenomena and processes
free text keywords: Article, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Developmental psychology, Nap, Psychology, False memory, Memory consolidation, Sleep Stages, Polysomnography, medicine.diagnostic_test, medicine, Episodic memory, Recall, Cognitive psychology, Semantic memory
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