publication . Article . Other literature type . 2001

Global Trends in Resistance to Antituberculosis Drugs

Lone Simonsen; Marcos A. Espinal; Nancy Binkin; Fadila Boulahbal; Mario Raviglione; Rosamund Williams; Adalbert Laszlo; Kim Sj; Sven Hoffner; Christopher Dye; ...
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  • Published: 26 Apr 2001 Journal: New England Journal of Medicine, volume 344, pages 1,294-1,303 (issn: 0028-4793, eissn: 1533-4406, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Massachusetts Medical Society
Abstract
Background Data on global trends in resistance to antituberculosis drugs are lacking. Methods We expanded the survey conducted by the World Health Organization and the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease to assess trends in resistance to antituberculosis drugs in countries on six continents. We obtained data using standard protocols from ongoing surveillance or from surveys of representative samples of all patients with tuberculosis. The standard sampling techniques distinguished between new and previously treated patients, and laboratory performance was checked by means of an international program of quality assurance. Results Between 1996...
Subjects
free text keywords: General Medicine, Newly diagnosed, World health, Drug resistance, Background data, Previously treated, Environmental health, Lung disease, Tuberculosis, medicine.disease, medicine, Global health, business.industry, business, Surgery, medicine.medical_specialty
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