publication . Article . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2010

Chapter 16 – Foundational Numerical Capacities and the Origins of Dyscalculia*

Butterworth Brian;
  • Published: 01 Dec 2010 Journal: Trends in Cognitive Sciences, volume 14, pages 534-541 (issn: 1364-6613, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
Publisher Summary This chapter explains how arithmetical difficulties and disabilities frequently co-occur with other developmental disorders, especially reading and digit span deficits and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. A foundational capacity for numbers is revealed in human infants' ability to discriminate on the basis of the numerosity of a display and to match numerosities across modalities, which suggests that the capacity is not tied to one modality and implies a relatively abstract understanding of numerosity. To be foundational, representations of numbers must be able to enter into arithmetical operations. Formally, arithmetic is interpretabl...
free text keywords: Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology, Developmental psychology, Acalculia, medicine.symptom, medicine, Numerosity adaptation effect, Mathematical ability, Learning disability, Cognitive psychology, Developmental Dyscalculia, Dyscalculia, medicine.disease, Approximate number system, Psychology, Small number, Bootstrapping, Coding (social sciences), Modalities, Subitizing, Memory span, Mathematics, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
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