publication . Article . 2007

A molecular phylogeny of Dorylus army ants provides evidence for multiple evolutionary transitions in foraging niche

Daniel J. C. Kronauer; Jacobus J. Boomsma; Caspar Schöning; Lars Vilhelmsen;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Apr 2007
Abstract
<p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Army ants are the prime arthropod predators in tropical forests, with huge colonies and an evolutionary derived nomadic life style. Five of the six recognized subgenera of Old World <it>Dorylus </it>army ants forage in the soil, whereas some species of the sixth subgenus (<it>Anomma</it>) forage in the leaf-litter and some as conspicuous swarm raiders on the forest floor and in the lower vegetation (the infamous driver ants). Here we use a combination of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences to reconstruct the phylogeny of the <it>Dorylus s.l</it>. army ants and to infer the evolutionary transitions in foraging niche and as...
Subjects
free text keywords: Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Evolution, QH359-425, Research Article, Niche, Predation, Zoology, Entomology, Foraging, Ecology, Biology, Phylogenetics, Dorylus, biology.organism_classification, Old World, Molecular phylogenetics
Related Organizations
37 references, page 1 of 3

Gotwald, WH. Army Ants – The Biology of Social Predation. 1995

Brady, SG. Evolution of the army ant syndrome: the origin and long-term evolutionary stasis of a complex of behavioral and reproductive adaptations. PNAS. 2003; 100: 6575-6579 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Moreau, CS, Bell, CD, Vila, R, Archibald, SB, Pierce, NE. Phylogeny of the ants: diversification in the age of angiosperms. Science. 2006; 312: 101-104 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Brady, SG, Ward, PS. Morphological phylogeny of army ants and other dorylomorphs (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Syst Entomol. 2005; 30: 593-618 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Brady, SG, Schultz, TR, Fisher, BL, Ward, PS. Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. PNAS. 2006; 103: 18172-18177 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Emery, C, Wytsman P, null. Subfamily Dorylinae. Genera Insectorum, fasc 102. 1910: 1-34

Bolton, B. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Mem Am Entomol Inst. 2003; 71: 1-370

Barr, D, van Boven, JKA, Gotwald, WH. Phenetic studies of African army ant queens of the genus Dorylus. Syst Entomol. 1985; 10: 1-10

Savage, TS. On the habits of the "drivers" or visiting ants of West Africa. Trans R Entomol Soc Lond. 1847; 5: 1-15

Linné, C. In quo animalia raroria, exotica, imprimis Insecta et Conchilia describuntur et determinantur Prodromi instar editum. 1764

Wasmann, E. Zur Kenntniss der Gaeste der Treiberameisenund ihrer Wirthe am obern Congo nach den Sammlungen und Beobachtungen von P. Herm. Kohl, C.S.S.C. bearbeitet. Zool Jahrb Suppl. 1904; 7: 611-682 [OpenAIRE]

Emery, C. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool Jahrb. 1895; 8: 685-778

Mayr, G. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Insektenfauna von Kamerun. 5. Formiciden gesammelt von Herm Yngve Sjöstedt. Entomol Tidskrift. 1896; 17: 225-252

Forel, A. Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent. Ann Soc Entomol Belgique. 1909; 53: 51-73 [OpenAIRE]

Emery, C. Studi sul polimorfismo e la metamorfosi nel genere Dorylus. Mem R Accad Sci Ist Bologna. 1901; 9: 183-201

37 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
<p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Army ants are the prime arthropod predators in tropical forests, with huge colonies and an evolutionary derived nomadic life style. Five of the six recognized subgenera of Old World <it>Dorylus </it>army ants forage in the soil, whereas some species of the sixth subgenus (<it>Anomma</it>) forage in the leaf-litter and some as conspicuous swarm raiders on the forest floor and in the lower vegetation (the infamous driver ants). Here we use a combination of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences to reconstruct the phylogeny of the <it>Dorylus s.l</it>. army ants and to infer the evolutionary transitions in foraging niche and as...
Subjects
free text keywords: Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Evolution, QH359-425, Research Article, Niche, Predation, Zoology, Entomology, Foraging, Ecology, Biology, Phylogenetics, Dorylus, biology.organism_classification, Old World, Molecular phylogenetics
Related Organizations
37 references, page 1 of 3

Gotwald, WH. Army Ants – The Biology of Social Predation. 1995

Brady, SG. Evolution of the army ant syndrome: the origin and long-term evolutionary stasis of a complex of behavioral and reproductive adaptations. PNAS. 2003; 100: 6575-6579 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Moreau, CS, Bell, CD, Vila, R, Archibald, SB, Pierce, NE. Phylogeny of the ants: diversification in the age of angiosperms. Science. 2006; 312: 101-104 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Brady, SG, Ward, PS. Morphological phylogeny of army ants and other dorylomorphs (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Syst Entomol. 2005; 30: 593-618 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Brady, SG, Schultz, TR, Fisher, BL, Ward, PS. Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. PNAS. 2006; 103: 18172-18177 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Emery, C, Wytsman P, null. Subfamily Dorylinae. Genera Insectorum, fasc 102. 1910: 1-34

Bolton, B. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Mem Am Entomol Inst. 2003; 71: 1-370

Barr, D, van Boven, JKA, Gotwald, WH. Phenetic studies of African army ant queens of the genus Dorylus. Syst Entomol. 1985; 10: 1-10

Savage, TS. On the habits of the "drivers" or visiting ants of West Africa. Trans R Entomol Soc Lond. 1847; 5: 1-15

Linné, C. In quo animalia raroria, exotica, imprimis Insecta et Conchilia describuntur et determinantur Prodromi instar editum. 1764

Wasmann, E. Zur Kenntniss der Gaeste der Treiberameisenund ihrer Wirthe am obern Congo nach den Sammlungen und Beobachtungen von P. Herm. Kohl, C.S.S.C. bearbeitet. Zool Jahrb Suppl. 1904; 7: 611-682 [OpenAIRE]

Emery, C. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool Jahrb. 1895; 8: 685-778

Mayr, G. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Insektenfauna von Kamerun. 5. Formiciden gesammelt von Herm Yngve Sjöstedt. Entomol Tidskrift. 1896; 17: 225-252

Forel, A. Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent. Ann Soc Entomol Belgique. 1909; 53: 51-73 [OpenAIRE]

Emery, C. Studi sul polimorfismo e la metamorfosi nel genere Dorylus. Mem R Accad Sci Ist Bologna. 1901; 9: 183-201

37 references, page 1 of 3
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