publication . Article . 2010

Valence and the development of immediate and long-term false memory illusions

Howe, M. L.; Candel, I.; Otgaar, H.; Malone, C.; Wimmer, M. C.;
Restricted English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2010
Abstract
Across five experiments we examined the role of valence in children's and adults’ true and false memories. Using the Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm and either neutral or negative-emotional lists, both adults’ (Experiment 1) and children's (Experiment 2) true recall and recognition was better for neutral than negative items, and although false recall was also higher for neutral items, false recognition was higher for negative items. The last three experiments examined adults’ (Experiment 3) and children's (Experiments 4 and 5) 1-week long-term recognition of neutral and negative-emotional information. The results replicated the immediate recall and recognition...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: nutritional and metabolic diseases
free text keywords: ADULTS, CHILDRENS, DISTINCTIVENESS, DRM paradigm, EMOTIONALLY-ENHANCED MEMORY, False memory development, RECALL, RECOGNITION, RECOLLECTIVE EXPERIENCE, RELATEDNESS, REMEMBERING WORDS, RETENTION INTERVAL, Valence and memory, BF, Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), General Psychology, Cognitive psychology, Developmental psychology, False memory, Social psychology, Recognition memory, Cognition, Long-term memory, Memoria, Psychology, Serial position effect, Emotion and memory
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