publication . Article . Other literature type . 1997

Alternative Approaches to the Employee-Organization Relationship: Does Investment in Employees Pay Off?

Angela M. Tripoli; Anne S. Tsui; Jone L. Pearce; Lyman W. Porter;
  • Published: 01 Oct 1997 Journal: Academy of Management Journal, volume 40, pages 1,089-1,121 (issn: 0001-4273, eissn: 1948-0989, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Academy of Management
This article describes four approaches to the employee-organization relationship, as defined from the employer's perspective. An empirical study of employees from ten companies found support for the basic hypothesis that employee responses differ under the four types of relationship. In general, employees performed better on core tasks, demonstrated more citizenship behavior, and expressed a higher level of affective commitment to an employer when they worked in an overinvestment (by the employer) or mutual investment relationship than when they worked in a quasi-spot-contract or underinvestment relationship. These results were obtained even after we controlled ...
free text keywords: Management of Technology and Innovation, Strategy and Management, General Business, Management and Accounting, Business and International Management, Public relations, business.industry, business, Employee morale, Job performance, Organizational commitment, Organizational citizenship behavior, Human resource management, Empirical research, Marketing, Organization Relationship, Industrial relations
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