publication . Article . Other literature type . Preprint . 2019

Background for a gamma-ray satellite on a low-Earth orbit

Cumani, P.; Hernanz, M.; Kiener, J.; Tatischeff, V.; Zoglauer, A.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 08 Mar 2019
  • Publisher: HAL CCSD
  • Country: France
Abstract
The different background components in a low-Earth orbit have been modeled in the 10 keV to 100 GeV energy range. The model is based on data from previous instruments and it considers both primary and secondary particles, charged particles, neutrons and photons. The necessary corrections to consider the geomagnetic cutoff are applied to calculate the flux at different inclinations and altitudes for a mean solar activity. Activation simulations from such a background have been carried out using the model of a possible future gamma-ray mission (e-ASTROGAM). The event rates and spectra from these simulations were then compared to those from the isotopes created by ...
Subjects
arXiv: Astrophysics::High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
free text keywords: Background, Gamma-ray, LEO, Satellite, [PHYS.PHYS.PHYS-INS-DET]Physics [physics]/Physics [physics]/Instrumentation and Detectors [physics.ins-det], [PHYS.ASTR]Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph], Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics, Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, Space and Planetary Science, Astronomy and Astrophysics
30 references, page 1 of 2

Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Ajello M, Ampe J, Anderson B, Atwood WB, Axelsson M, Bagagli R, Baldini L, Ballet J, et al (2009a) The on-orbit calibration of the Fermi Large Area Telescope. Astroparticle Physics 32:193{219, DOI 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2009.08.002, arXiv:0904.2226

Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Ajello M, Atwood WB, Baldini L, Ballet J, Barbiellini G, Bastieri D, Baughman BM, Bechtol K, et al (2009b) Fermi large area telescope observations of the cosmic-ray induced -ray emission of the Earth's atmosphere. Phys. Rev. D, 80(12):122004, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevD. 80.122004, arXiv:0912.1868

Ackermann M, Ajello M, Albert A, Allafort A, Baldini L, Barbiellini G, Bastieri D, Bechtol K, Bellazzini R, Blandford RD, Fermi LAT Collaboration (2014) Inferred Cosmic-Ray Spectrum from Fermi Large Area Telescope -Ray Observations of Earth's Limb. Physical Review Letters 112(15):151103, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.151103, arXiv:1403.5372

Ackermann M, Ajello M, Albert A, Atwood WB, Baldini L, Ballet J, Barbiellini G, Bastieri D, Bechtol K, Bellazzini R, Bissaldi E, et al (2015) The Spectrum of Isotropic Di use Gamma-Ray Emission between 100 MeV and 820 GeV. ApJ, 799:86, DOI 10.1088/0004-637X/799/1/86, arXiv: 1410.3696

Aguilar M, Aisa D, Alvino A, Ambrosi G, Andeen K, Arruda L, Attig N, Azzarello P, Bachlechner A, Barao F, et al (2014) Electron and positron uxes in primary cosmic rays measured with the alpha magnetic spectrometer on the international space station. Phys Rev Lett 113:121102, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.121102, URL https://link.aps.org/doi/ 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.121102 [OpenAIRE]

Aguilar M, Aisa D, Alpat B, Alvino A, Ambrosi G, Andeen K, Arruda L, Attig N, Azzarello P, Bachlechner A, et al (2015a) Precision measurement of the helium ux in primary cosmic rays of rigidities 1.9 gv to 3 tv with the alpha magnetic spectrometer on the international space station. Phys Rev Lett 115:211101, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.211101, URL https: //link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.211101

Aguilar M, Aisa D, Alpat B, Alvino A, Ambrosi G, Andeen K, Arruda L, Attig N, Azzarello P, Bachlechner A, et al (2015b) Precision measurement of the proton ux in primary cosmic rays from rigidity 1 gv to 1.8 tv with the alpha magnetic spectrometer on the international space station. Phys Rev Lett 114:171103, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.171103, URL https: //link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.171103

Alcaraz J, Alpat B, Ambrosi G, Anderhub H, Ao L, Are ev A, Azzarello P, Babucci E, Baldini L, Basile M, et al (2000a) Leptons in near earth orbit. Physics Letters B 484(1):10 { 22, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/ S0370-2693(00)00588-8, URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/ article/pii/S0370269300005888

Alcaraz J, Alvisi D, Alpat B, Ambrosi G, Anderhub H, Ao L, Are ev A, Azzarello P, Babucci E, Baldini L, et al (2000b) Protons in near earth orbit. Physics Letters B 472(1):215 { 226, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/ S0370-2693(99)01427-6, URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/ article/pii/S0370269399014276

Armstrong TW, Chandler KC, Barish J (1973) Calculations of neutron ux spectra induced in the earth's atmosphere by galactic cosmic rays. Journal of Geophysical Research 78(16):2715{2726, DOI 10.1029/ JA078i016p02715, URL https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/ doi/abs/10.1029/JA078i016p02715, https://agupubs.onlinelibrary. wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/JA078i016p02715 [OpenAIRE]

Atwood WB, Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Althouse W, Anderson B, Axelsson M, Baldini L, Ballet J, Band DL, Barbiellini G, et al (2009) The Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Mission. ApJ697:1071{ 1102, DOI 10.1088/0004-637X/697/2/1071, arXiv:0902.1089 [OpenAIRE]

Battersby SJR, Quenby JJ, Dyer CS, Truscott PR, Hammond NDA, Comber C, Kurfess JD, Johnson WN, Kinzer RL, Strickman MS, Jung GV, Purcell WR, Grabelsky DA, Ulmer MP (1993) Calculation of the induced radioactivity background in OSSE. In: Friedlander M, Gehrels N, Macomb DJ (eds) American Institute of Physics Conference Series, American Institute of Physics Conference Series, vol 280, pp 1107{1111, DOI 10.1063/1.44183

Churazov E, Sazonov S, Sunyaev R, Revnivtsev M (2006) Earth X-ray albedo for cosmic X-ray background radiation in the 1{1000 keV band. ArXiv Astrophysics e-prints astro-ph/0608252 [OpenAIRE]

De Angelis A, Tatische V, Tavani M, Oberlack U, Grenier I, Hanlon L, Walter R, Argan A, von Ballmoos P, Bulgarelli A, et al (2017) The e-ASTROGAM mission. Exploring the extreme Universe with gamma rays in the MeV - GeV range. Experimental Astronomy 44:25{82, DOI 10.1007/s10686-017-9533-6, arXiv:1611.02232 [OpenAIRE]

De Angelis A, Tatische V, Grenier IA, McEnery J, Mallamaci M, Tavani M, Oberlack U, Hanlon L, Walter R, Argan A, et al (2018) Science with eASTROGAM (A space mission for MeV-GeV gamma-ray astrophysics). To be published in Journal of High Energy Astrophysics arXiv:1711.01265 [OpenAIRE]

30 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
The different background components in a low-Earth orbit have been modeled in the 10 keV to 100 GeV energy range. The model is based on data from previous instruments and it considers both primary and secondary particles, charged particles, neutrons and photons. The necessary corrections to consider the geomagnetic cutoff are applied to calculate the flux at different inclinations and altitudes for a mean solar activity. Activation simulations from such a background have been carried out using the model of a possible future gamma-ray mission (e-ASTROGAM). The event rates and spectra from these simulations were then compared to those from the isotopes created by ...
Subjects
arXiv: Astrophysics::High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
free text keywords: Background, Gamma-ray, LEO, Satellite, [PHYS.PHYS.PHYS-INS-DET]Physics [physics]/Physics [physics]/Instrumentation and Detectors [physics.ins-det], [PHYS.ASTR]Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph], Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics, Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, Space and Planetary Science, Astronomy and Astrophysics
30 references, page 1 of 2

Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Ajello M, Ampe J, Anderson B, Atwood WB, Axelsson M, Bagagli R, Baldini L, Ballet J, et al (2009a) The on-orbit calibration of the Fermi Large Area Telescope. Astroparticle Physics 32:193{219, DOI 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2009.08.002, arXiv:0904.2226

Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Ajello M, Atwood WB, Baldini L, Ballet J, Barbiellini G, Bastieri D, Baughman BM, Bechtol K, et al (2009b) Fermi large area telescope observations of the cosmic-ray induced -ray emission of the Earth's atmosphere. Phys. Rev. D, 80(12):122004, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevD. 80.122004, arXiv:0912.1868

Ackermann M, Ajello M, Albert A, Allafort A, Baldini L, Barbiellini G, Bastieri D, Bechtol K, Bellazzini R, Blandford RD, Fermi LAT Collaboration (2014) Inferred Cosmic-Ray Spectrum from Fermi Large Area Telescope -Ray Observations of Earth's Limb. Physical Review Letters 112(15):151103, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.151103, arXiv:1403.5372

Ackermann M, Ajello M, Albert A, Atwood WB, Baldini L, Ballet J, Barbiellini G, Bastieri D, Bechtol K, Bellazzini R, Bissaldi E, et al (2015) The Spectrum of Isotropic Di use Gamma-Ray Emission between 100 MeV and 820 GeV. ApJ, 799:86, DOI 10.1088/0004-637X/799/1/86, arXiv: 1410.3696

Aguilar M, Aisa D, Alvino A, Ambrosi G, Andeen K, Arruda L, Attig N, Azzarello P, Bachlechner A, Barao F, et al (2014) Electron and positron uxes in primary cosmic rays measured with the alpha magnetic spectrometer on the international space station. Phys Rev Lett 113:121102, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.121102, URL https://link.aps.org/doi/ 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.121102 [OpenAIRE]

Aguilar M, Aisa D, Alpat B, Alvino A, Ambrosi G, Andeen K, Arruda L, Attig N, Azzarello P, Bachlechner A, et al (2015a) Precision measurement of the helium ux in primary cosmic rays of rigidities 1.9 gv to 3 tv with the alpha magnetic spectrometer on the international space station. Phys Rev Lett 115:211101, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.211101, URL https: //link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.211101

Aguilar M, Aisa D, Alpat B, Alvino A, Ambrosi G, Andeen K, Arruda L, Attig N, Azzarello P, Bachlechner A, et al (2015b) Precision measurement of the proton ux in primary cosmic rays from rigidity 1 gv to 1.8 tv with the alpha magnetic spectrometer on the international space station. Phys Rev Lett 114:171103, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.171103, URL https: //link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.171103

Alcaraz J, Alpat B, Ambrosi G, Anderhub H, Ao L, Are ev A, Azzarello P, Babucci E, Baldini L, Basile M, et al (2000a) Leptons in near earth orbit. Physics Letters B 484(1):10 { 22, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/ S0370-2693(00)00588-8, URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/ article/pii/S0370269300005888

Alcaraz J, Alvisi D, Alpat B, Ambrosi G, Anderhub H, Ao L, Are ev A, Azzarello P, Babucci E, Baldini L, et al (2000b) Protons in near earth orbit. Physics Letters B 472(1):215 { 226, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/ S0370-2693(99)01427-6, URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/ article/pii/S0370269399014276

Armstrong TW, Chandler KC, Barish J (1973) Calculations of neutron ux spectra induced in the earth's atmosphere by galactic cosmic rays. Journal of Geophysical Research 78(16):2715{2726, DOI 10.1029/ JA078i016p02715, URL https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/ doi/abs/10.1029/JA078i016p02715, https://agupubs.onlinelibrary. wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/JA078i016p02715 [OpenAIRE]

Atwood WB, Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Althouse W, Anderson B, Axelsson M, Baldini L, Ballet J, Band DL, Barbiellini G, et al (2009) The Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Mission. ApJ697:1071{ 1102, DOI 10.1088/0004-637X/697/2/1071, arXiv:0902.1089 [OpenAIRE]

Battersby SJR, Quenby JJ, Dyer CS, Truscott PR, Hammond NDA, Comber C, Kurfess JD, Johnson WN, Kinzer RL, Strickman MS, Jung GV, Purcell WR, Grabelsky DA, Ulmer MP (1993) Calculation of the induced radioactivity background in OSSE. In: Friedlander M, Gehrels N, Macomb DJ (eds) American Institute of Physics Conference Series, American Institute of Physics Conference Series, vol 280, pp 1107{1111, DOI 10.1063/1.44183

Churazov E, Sazonov S, Sunyaev R, Revnivtsev M (2006) Earth X-ray albedo for cosmic X-ray background radiation in the 1{1000 keV band. ArXiv Astrophysics e-prints astro-ph/0608252 [OpenAIRE]

De Angelis A, Tatische V, Tavani M, Oberlack U, Grenier I, Hanlon L, Walter R, Argan A, von Ballmoos P, Bulgarelli A, et al (2017) The e-ASTROGAM mission. Exploring the extreme Universe with gamma rays in the MeV - GeV range. Experimental Astronomy 44:25{82, DOI 10.1007/s10686-017-9533-6, arXiv:1611.02232 [OpenAIRE]

De Angelis A, Tatische V, Grenier IA, McEnery J, Mallamaci M, Tavani M, Oberlack U, Hanlon L, Walter R, Argan A, et al (2018) Science with eASTROGAM (A space mission for MeV-GeV gamma-ray astrophysics). To be published in Journal of High Energy Astrophysics arXiv:1711.01265 [OpenAIRE]

30 references, page 1 of 2
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