publication . Article . Other literature type . 1977

Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change☆☆☆

Albert Bandura;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 1977 Journal: Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy, volume 1, pages 139-161 (issn: 0146-6402, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
The present article presents an integrative theoretical framework to explain and to predict psychological changes achieved by different modes of treatment. This theory states that psychological procedures, whatever their form, alter the level and strength of self-efficacy. It is hypothesized that expectations of personal efficacy determine whether coping behavior will be initiated, how much effort will be expended, and how long it will be sustained in the face of obstacles and aversive experiences. Persistence in activities that are subjectively threatening but in fact relatively safe produces, through experiences of mastery, further enhancement of self-efficacy...
free text keywords: General Psychology
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