publication . Article . Other literature type . 2016

Farmers’ Exposure to Pesticides: Toxicity Types and Ways of Prevention

Christos A. Damalas; Spyridon D. Koutroubas;
Open Access English
  • Published: 08 Jan 2016 Journal: Toxics, volume 4, issue 1 (eissn: 2305-6304, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: MDPI
Abstract
Synthetic pesticides are extensively used in agriculture to control harmful pests and prevent crop yield losses or product damage. Because of high biological activity and, in certain cases, long persistence in the environment, pesticides may cause undesirable effects to human health and to the environment. Farmers are routinely exposed to high levels of pesticides, usually much greater than those of consumers. Farmers’ exposure mainly occurs during the preparation and application of the pesticide spray solutions and during the cleaning-up of spraying equipment. Farmers who mix, load, and spray pesticides can be exposed to these chemicals due to spills and splash...
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Medical Subject Headings: food and beveragesfungi
free text keywords: Editorial, Agricultural tasks, Direct spray contact, Drift, Occupational exposure, Dermal exposure, Pesticide use, Pesticide residue, Human health, Agriculture, business.industry, business, Pesticide, Environmental chemistry, Environmental science, Toxicity, Personal protective equipment, Toxicology, lcsh:Chemical technology, lcsh:TP1-1185
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Agricultural and Food Sciences
Rural Digital Europe
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