publication . Article . 2015

flankr: An R package implementing computational models of attentional selectivity.

James A. Grange;
Open Access English
  • Published: 15 Jul 2015
  • Publisher: Springer
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
The Eriksen flanker task (Eriksen and Eriksen, Perception & Psychophysics, 16, 143–149, 1974) is a classic test in cognitive psychology of visual selective attention. Two recent computational models have formalised the dynamics of the apparent increasing attentional selectivity during stimulus processing, but with very different theoretical underpinnings: The shrinking spotlight (SSP) model (White et al., Cognitive Psychology, 210–238, 2011) assumes attentional selectivity improves in a gradual, continuous manner; the dual stage two phase (DSTP) model (Hubner et al., Psychological Review, 759–784, 2010) assumes attentional selectivity changes from a low- to a hi...
Subjects
free text keywords: BF
Related Organizations

Eddelbuettel, D., & François, R. (2011). Rcpp: Seamless R and C++ integration. Journal of Statistical Software, 40 (8), 1-18. Retrieved from http://www.jstatsoft.org/v40/i08/

Eriksen, B. A., & Eriksen, C. W. (1974). Effects of noise letters upon the identification of a target letter in a nonsearch task. Perception & Psychophysics, 16 , 143-149. doi: 10.3758/BF03203267 [OpenAIRE]

Eriksen, C. W., & St.James, J. D. (1986). Visual attention within and around the field of focal attention: A zoom lens model. Perception & Psychophysics, 40 , 225-240. doi: 10.3758/BF03211502 [OpenAIRE]

Farrell, S., & Lewandowsky, S. (2010). Computational models as aids to better reasoning in psychology. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19 , 329-335. doi: 10.1177/0963721410386677 [OpenAIRE]

Fum, D., Missier, F. D., & Stocco, A. (2007). The cognitive modeling of human behavior: Why a model is (sometimes) better than 10,000 words. Cognitive Systems Research, 8 , 135-142. doi: 10.1016/j.cogsys.2007.07.001 [OpenAIRE]

Grange, J. A., & Houghton, G. (2014). Models of cognitive control in task switching. In J. A. Grange & G. Houghton (Eds.), Task switching and cognitive control (p. 160-199). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gratton, G., Coles, M. G. H., Sirevaag, E. J., & Eriksen, C. W. (1998). Pre- and poststimulus activation of response channels: A psychophysiological analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Heitz, R. P., & Engle, R. W. (2007). Focusing the spotlight: Individual differences in visual attention control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 136 , 217-240. doi: 10.1037/0096- 3445.136.2.217 [OpenAIRE]

Hübner, R., Steinhauser, M., & Lehle, C. (2010). A dual-stage two-phase model of selective attention. Psychological Review, 759-784. doi: 10.1037/a0019471

Hübner, R., & Töbel, L. (2012). Does attentional selectivity in the flanker task improve discretely or gradually? Frontiers in Psychology, 3 , 434. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00434 [OpenAIRE]

Jonides, J. (1983). Futher toward a model of the mind's eye movement. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 21 , 247-250. doi: 10.3758/BF03334699

Lewandowsky, S., & Farrell, S. (2010). Computational modeling in cognition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

R Core Team. (2014). R: A language and environment for statistical computing [Computer software manual]. Vienna, Austria. Retrieved from http://www.R-project.org/

Ratcliff, R., & Smith, P. L. (2004). A comparison of sequential sampling models for two-choice reaction time. Psychological Review, 111 , 333-367. doi: 10.1037/0033-295X.111.2.333

White, C. N., Ratcliff, R., & Starns, J. J. (2011). Diffusion models of the flanker task: Discrete versus gradual attentional selection. Cognitive Psychology, 210-238. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2011.08.001

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Abstract
The Eriksen flanker task (Eriksen and Eriksen, Perception & Psychophysics, 16, 143–149, 1974) is a classic test in cognitive psychology of visual selective attention. Two recent computational models have formalised the dynamics of the apparent increasing attentional selectivity during stimulus processing, but with very different theoretical underpinnings: The shrinking spotlight (SSP) model (White et al., Cognitive Psychology, 210–238, 2011) assumes attentional selectivity improves in a gradual, continuous manner; the dual stage two phase (DSTP) model (Hubner et al., Psychological Review, 759–784, 2010) assumes attentional selectivity changes from a low- to a hi...
Subjects
free text keywords: BF
Related Organizations

Eddelbuettel, D., & François, R. (2011). Rcpp: Seamless R and C++ integration. Journal of Statistical Software, 40 (8), 1-18. Retrieved from http://www.jstatsoft.org/v40/i08/

Eriksen, B. A., & Eriksen, C. W. (1974). Effects of noise letters upon the identification of a target letter in a nonsearch task. Perception & Psychophysics, 16 , 143-149. doi: 10.3758/BF03203267 [OpenAIRE]

Eriksen, C. W., & St.James, J. D. (1986). Visual attention within and around the field of focal attention: A zoom lens model. Perception & Psychophysics, 40 , 225-240. doi: 10.3758/BF03211502 [OpenAIRE]

Farrell, S., & Lewandowsky, S. (2010). Computational models as aids to better reasoning in psychology. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19 , 329-335. doi: 10.1177/0963721410386677 [OpenAIRE]

Fum, D., Missier, F. D., & Stocco, A. (2007). The cognitive modeling of human behavior: Why a model is (sometimes) better than 10,000 words. Cognitive Systems Research, 8 , 135-142. doi: 10.1016/j.cogsys.2007.07.001 [OpenAIRE]

Grange, J. A., & Houghton, G. (2014). Models of cognitive control in task switching. In J. A. Grange & G. Houghton (Eds.), Task switching and cognitive control (p. 160-199). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gratton, G., Coles, M. G. H., Sirevaag, E. J., & Eriksen, C. W. (1998). Pre- and poststimulus activation of response channels: A psychophysiological analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Heitz, R. P., & Engle, R. W. (2007). Focusing the spotlight: Individual differences in visual attention control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 136 , 217-240. doi: 10.1037/0096- 3445.136.2.217 [OpenAIRE]

Hübner, R., Steinhauser, M., & Lehle, C. (2010). A dual-stage two-phase model of selective attention. Psychological Review, 759-784. doi: 10.1037/a0019471

Hübner, R., & Töbel, L. (2012). Does attentional selectivity in the flanker task improve discretely or gradually? Frontiers in Psychology, 3 , 434. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00434 [OpenAIRE]

Jonides, J. (1983). Futher toward a model of the mind's eye movement. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 21 , 247-250. doi: 10.3758/BF03334699

Lewandowsky, S., & Farrell, S. (2010). Computational modeling in cognition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

R Core Team. (2014). R: A language and environment for statistical computing [Computer software manual]. Vienna, Austria. Retrieved from http://www.R-project.org/

Ratcliff, R., & Smith, P. L. (2004). A comparison of sequential sampling models for two-choice reaction time. Psychological Review, 111 , 333-367. doi: 10.1037/0033-295X.111.2.333

White, C. N., Ratcliff, R., & Starns, J. J. (2011). Diffusion models of the flanker task: Discrete versus gradual attentional selection. Cognitive Psychology, 210-238. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2011.08.001

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