publication . Article . 2017

Laser-plasma-based Space Radiation Reproduction in the Laboratory

Bernhard Hidding; O. Karger; T. Königstein; G. Pretzler; G. G. Manahan; Paul McKenna; Ross Gray; Robbie Wilson; S. M. Wiggins; Gregor H. Welsh; ...
Open Access English
  • Published: 08 Feb 2017 Journal: Scientific Reports (issn: 2045-2322, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
  • Country: United States
Abstract
Space radiation is a great danger to electronics and astronauts onboard space vessels. The spectral flux of space electrons, protons and ions for example in the radiation belts is inherently broadband, but this is a feature hard to mimic with conventional radiation sources. Using laser-plasma-accelerators, we reproduced relativistic, broadband radiation belt flux in the laboratory, and used this man-made space radiation to test the radiation hardness of space electronics. Such close mimicking of space radiation in the lab builds on the inherent ability of laser-plasma-accelerators to directly produce broadband Maxwellian-type particle flux, akin to conditions in...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
arXiv: Physics::Space Physics
free text keywords: Article, magnetospheric physics, plasma based accelerators, space radiation, Physics, Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Other Physical Sciences, Broadband, Space exploration, Electronics, Radiation hardening, Aerospace engineering, business.industry, business, Physics, Van Allen radiation belt, symbols.namesake, symbols, Magnetosphere, Radiation, Plasma
Funded by
UKRI| Multi-scale simulation of intense laser plasma interactions
Project
  • Funder: UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • Project Code: EP/G056803/1
  • Funding stream: EPSRC
,
UKRI| Multi-scale simulation of intense laser plasma interactions
Project
  • Funder: UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • Project Code: EP/G055165/1
  • Funding stream: EPSRC
,
UKRI| CRITICAL MASS: Collective radiation-beam-plasma interactions at high intensities
Project
  • Funder: UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • Project Code: EP/J018171/1
  • Funding stream: EPSRC
,
UKRI| Multi-scale simulation of intense laser plasma interactions
Project
  • Funder: UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • Project Code: EP/G054940/1
  • Funding stream: EPSRC
,
EC| EUCARD-2
Project
EUCARD-2
Enhanced European Coordination for Accelerator Research & Development
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 312453
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP4 | INFRA
30 references, page 1 of 2

Pease R. L., Johnston A. H. & Azarewicz J. L. Radiation testing of semiconductor devices for space electronics. Proceedings of the IEEE 76(11) (1988).

Novikov L. S.. Radiation effects on spacecraft materials. Journal of Surface Investigation. X-ray, Synchrotron and Neutron Techniques 3(2), 199–214 (2009).

Horne R. B.. Rapid local acceleration of relativistic radiation-belt electrons by magnetospheric chorus. Nature 504, 411–414 (2013).24352287 [PubMed]

Reeves G. D.. Electron acceleration in the Heart of the Van Allen Radiation Belts. Science 341, 991 (2013).23887876 [PubMed]

Horne R. B.Acceleration of Killer Electrons. Nature Physics 3, 590–501 (2007).

Tajima T. & Dawson J. Laser Electron Accelerator. Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979).

Pukhov A. & Meyer-ter-Vehn J. Laser wake field acceleration: the highly non-linear broken-wave regime. J. Applied Physics B 74, 255 (2002).

Mangles S. P. D.. Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser–plasma interactions. Nature 431, 535–538 (2004).15457251 [PubMed]

Geddes C. G. R.. High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding. Nature 431, 538–541 (2004).15457252 [PubMed]

Faure J.. A laser–plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams. Nature 431, 541–544 (2004).15457253 [PubMed]

Gahn C.. Multi-MeV Electron Beam Generation by Direct Laser Acceleration in High-Density Plasma Channels. Phys. Rev. Lett.83, 4772 (1999).

Malka V.. Electron Acceleration by a Wake Field Forced by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse. Science 298, No. 5598, 1596–1600 (2002).12446903 [PubMed]

Hidding B.. Laser-Plasma-Accelerators – A Novel, Versatile Tool for Space Radiation Studies. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 636, 1 (2011).

Rosenzweig J. B.. Design and applications of an X-band hybrid photoinjector. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 657, 1 (2011).

Königstein T.. Design considerations for the use of laser-plasma accelerators for advanced space radiation studies. Journal of Plasma Physics 78, 4, 383–391 (2012).

30 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
Space radiation is a great danger to electronics and astronauts onboard space vessels. The spectral flux of space electrons, protons and ions for example in the radiation belts is inherently broadband, but this is a feature hard to mimic with conventional radiation sources. Using laser-plasma-accelerators, we reproduced relativistic, broadband radiation belt flux in the laboratory, and used this man-made space radiation to test the radiation hardness of space electronics. Such close mimicking of space radiation in the lab builds on the inherent ability of laser-plasma-accelerators to directly produce broadband Maxwellian-type particle flux, akin to conditions in...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
arXiv: Physics::Space Physics
free text keywords: Article, magnetospheric physics, plasma based accelerators, space radiation, Physics, Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Other Physical Sciences, Broadband, Space exploration, Electronics, Radiation hardening, Aerospace engineering, business.industry, business, Physics, Van Allen radiation belt, symbols.namesake, symbols, Magnetosphere, Radiation, Plasma
Funded by
UKRI| Multi-scale simulation of intense laser plasma interactions
Project
  • Funder: UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • Project Code: EP/G056803/1
  • Funding stream: EPSRC
,
UKRI| Multi-scale simulation of intense laser plasma interactions
Project
  • Funder: UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • Project Code: EP/G055165/1
  • Funding stream: EPSRC
,
UKRI| CRITICAL MASS: Collective radiation-beam-plasma interactions at high intensities
Project
  • Funder: UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • Project Code: EP/J018171/1
  • Funding stream: EPSRC
,
UKRI| Multi-scale simulation of intense laser plasma interactions
Project
  • Funder: UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • Project Code: EP/G054940/1
  • Funding stream: EPSRC
,
EC| EUCARD-2
Project
EUCARD-2
Enhanced European Coordination for Accelerator Research & Development
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 312453
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP4 | INFRA
30 references, page 1 of 2

Pease R. L., Johnston A. H. & Azarewicz J. L. Radiation testing of semiconductor devices for space electronics. Proceedings of the IEEE 76(11) (1988).

Novikov L. S.. Radiation effects on spacecraft materials. Journal of Surface Investigation. X-ray, Synchrotron and Neutron Techniques 3(2), 199–214 (2009).

Horne R. B.. Rapid local acceleration of relativistic radiation-belt electrons by magnetospheric chorus. Nature 504, 411–414 (2013).24352287 [PubMed]

Reeves G. D.. Electron acceleration in the Heart of the Van Allen Radiation Belts. Science 341, 991 (2013).23887876 [PubMed]

Horne R. B.Acceleration of Killer Electrons. Nature Physics 3, 590–501 (2007).

Tajima T. & Dawson J. Laser Electron Accelerator. Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979).

Pukhov A. & Meyer-ter-Vehn J. Laser wake field acceleration: the highly non-linear broken-wave regime. J. Applied Physics B 74, 255 (2002).

Mangles S. P. D.. Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser–plasma interactions. Nature 431, 535–538 (2004).15457251 [PubMed]

Geddes C. G. R.. High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding. Nature 431, 538–541 (2004).15457252 [PubMed]

Faure J.. A laser–plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams. Nature 431, 541–544 (2004).15457253 [PubMed]

Gahn C.. Multi-MeV Electron Beam Generation by Direct Laser Acceleration in High-Density Plasma Channels. Phys. Rev. Lett.83, 4772 (1999).

Malka V.. Electron Acceleration by a Wake Field Forced by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse. Science 298, No. 5598, 1596–1600 (2002).12446903 [PubMed]

Hidding B.. Laser-Plasma-Accelerators – A Novel, Versatile Tool for Space Radiation Studies. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 636, 1 (2011).

Rosenzweig J. B.. Design and applications of an X-band hybrid photoinjector. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 657, 1 (2011).

Königstein T.. Design considerations for the use of laser-plasma accelerators for advanced space radiation studies. Journal of Plasma Physics 78, 4, 383–391 (2012).

30 references, page 1 of 2
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