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Publication . Article . 2018

The non-cylindrical crustal architecture of the Pyrenees

Chevrot, S.; Sylvander, Matthieu; Diaz, J.; Martin, Roland; Mouthereau, F.; Manatschal, Gianreto; Masini, Emmanuel; +4 Authors
Open Access
Published: 01 Jan 2018 Journal: Scientific Reports (issn: 2045-2322, Copyright policy )

We exploit the data from five seismic transects deployed across the Pyrenees to characterize the deep architecture of this collisional orogen. We map the main seismic interfaces beneath each transect by depth migration of P-to-S converted phases. The migrated sections, combined with the results of recent tomographic studies and with maps of Bouguer and isostatic anomalies, provide a coherent crustal-scale picture of the belt. In the Western Pyrenees, beneath the North Pyrenean Zone, a continuous band of high density/velocity material is found at a very shallow level (~10 km) beneath the Mauleon basin and near Saint-Gaudens. In the Western Pyrenees, we also find evidence for northward continental subduction of Iberian crust, down to 50–70 km depth. In the Eastern Pyrenees, these main structural features are not observed. The boundary between these two domains is near longitude 1.3 °E, where geological field studies document a major change in the structure of the Cretaceous rift system, and possibly a shift of its polarity, suggesting that the deep orogenic architecture of the Pyrenees is largely controlled by structural inheritance.

The PYROPE (Pyrenean Observational Portable Experiment) project was supported by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) Blanc Programme (project PYROPE, ANR-09- BLAN-0229). We also acknowledge SISMOB, the French seismic mobile pool (a component of the RESIF consortium -, for providing us with the seismological instrumentation for the temporary deployments. Field work has been also partially funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through Project MISTERIOS (CGL2013-48601-C2-2-R).

Peer reviewed

Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Medicine lcsh:R lcsh:Science lcsh:Q


Cretaceous, field study, inheritance, longitude, velocity, [SDU.STU.GP]Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences/Geophysics [physics.geo-ph], Article, Cretaceous, field study, inheritance, longitude, velocity

Funded by
EPOS Implementation Phase
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 676564
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
Validated by funder
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